- 1 How long was the ark that Noah built?
- 2 How long did it take to build the Ark Encounter?
- 3 How many years did Noah live?
- 4 Where did the ark stay for 3 months?
- 5 How many days did it take for the ark to float?
- 6 Where did the ark stay for 20 years?
- 7 How many years from Adam to Noah?
- 8 What was Jesus’s full name?
- 9 Who was the tallest man in the Bible?
- 10 Who lived 950 years in the Bible?
- 11 Who in the Bible lived the longest?
How long was the ark that Noah built?
The Ark Encounter is slated to open in Williamstown, Ky., on Thursday, July 7, a nod to Genesis 7:7, which tells the story of Noah and his family entering the ark. Ashley Westerman/NPR hide caption toggle caption Ashley Westerman/NPR The Ark Encounter is slated to open in Williamstown, Ky., on Thursday, July 7, a nod to Genesis 7:7, which tells the story of Noah and his family entering the ark. Ashley Westerman/NPR A replica of Noah’s Ark has been built in the rolling hills of northern Kentucky and it is, quite literally, of biblical proportions.
The wood structure stands seven stories high and is the length of 1 1/2 football fields. “The Bible indicates the original Ark was 300 cubits, using the Hebrew royal cubit that calculates in modern-day terms to 510 feet long,” says Mark Looey, a co-founder of Answers in Genesis, the Christian ministry that built the attraction.
It’s the same group that opened the Creation Museum in 2007 in Petersburg, Ky., which promotes a literal interpretation of the Bible and other teachings: that planet Earth is only 6,000 years old and that man lived alongside dinosaurs. The ark attraction has been mired in controversy for years, and though Answers in Genesis promises jobs and increased tourism to a region in desperate need of an economic boost, for many who live there, it’s very much a mixed blessing. There are no live animals on the ark, though. “There’s a zoo out back for them,” Looey says. Instead, the ark will be filled with lifelike models of animals — including dinosaurs and a pair of unicorns — designed by many of the people who also made exhibits for the Creation Museum.
The ark doesn’t float either. Ken Ham, Answers in Genesis and Ark Encounter president and CEO, says it wasn’t built to float. “We built it as a reminder, a reminder in regard to God’s word and the account of Noah and the flood,” he says. It cost $100 million to build and is expected to draw up to 2 million visitors a year along with millions in tourism revenue, according to what the ministry calls an independent study.
Looey says they’ve already hired over 300 staff and hundreds more jobs are on the way when the other phases — including a walled city and a replica of the Tower of Babel — are completed. Many in Williamstown, Ky., the small town that sits right across Interstate 75 from the attraction, are waiting for it to open with bated breath.
The town — the rural seat of Grant County, Ky., — has a population of about 4,000. It’s a middle-class bedroom community right between Cincinnati and Lexington, Ky. Williamstown Mayor Rick Skinner, an enthusiastic supporter of the attraction, says the town has already upgraded its electricity and built a new water treatment plant.
Downtown is also getting a face-lift. On Main Street, many new stores have already opened up while others are in the process of being renovated. Before news of the Ark Encounter coming to town, the old brick buildings that lined Main Street were mostly vacant. News of the Ark Encounter has sparked a rehab of the old brick buildings on Main Street in Williamstown, Ky. Ashley Westerman/NPR hide caption toggle caption Ashley Westerman/NPR News of the Ark Encounter has sparked a rehab of the old brick buildings on Main Street in Williamstown, Ky. Ashley Westerman/NPR Local lawyer Bill Adkins says when the recession hit Williamstown, it hit hard. He remembers sitting in foreclosure settlements almost every week.
According to the study cited by Answers in Genesis, the ark’s economic impact will be about $4 billion over the next decade. But Adkins is skeptical. “We’ve not seen the hotels, we’ve not seen the restaurants coming in to support this attraction,” he says. “I think a lot of people are waiting to invest because they want to see if after the flash and bang of the opening, what happens next.” Answers in Genesis points to the success of the Creation Museum as proof of the ark’s potential.
The ministry says the museum gets 300,000 visitors a year and that its generated revenue has exceeded expectations, though they would not provide numbers. Then there are controversies around the project, provoking debate over separation of church and state.
The state withdrew tax incentives it had awarded Answers in Genesis, in part, because the ministry refused to pledge that it would not discriminate on the basis of religion in its hiring. The state said the project had evolved from a tourism attraction to an extension of the ministry. The tax breaks were later reinstated after Answers in Genesis, which said it had the right to hire on the basis of religion, sued in federal court and won.
Adkins is uncomfortable with the tax breaks worth up to $18 million the ministry is getting from the state. Answers in Genesis is considered a tax-exempt church and critics of the ark project have said that getting tax breaks amounts to “double dipping.” An exhibit showing an ancient workshop inside the Ark Encounter, a replica of Noah’s Ark opening soon in northern Kentucky. Ashley Westerman/NPR hide caption toggle caption Ashley Westerman/NPR An exhibit showing an ancient workshop inside the Ark Encounter, a replica of Noah’s Ark opening soon in northern Kentucky. Ashley Westerman/NPR It also just doesn’t sit well with him that job applicants must adhere to the ministry’s rigid moral code and belief system.
That one would have to subjugate their own beliefs to comply with that of an employer,” he says, “that seems very intrusive and very oppressive to me. A federal judge earlier this year ruled that Answers in Genesis, as a religious group, has a right to restrict its hiring. Resident Jay Novarra is irked at local leaders.
Along with providing the project with free land, Williamstown also gave Answers in Genesis $62 million in bonds. The ministry says the town will not be on the hook for those. As a farmer, Novarra is worried about the price of water going up since the town is also providing water to the ark.
How long did it take to build the Ark Encounter?
Creators of the lost ark: replica of Noah’s vessel unveiled in Kentucky God curbed his dramatic tendencies on Tuesday, neglecting to initiate a global flood during the figurative launching of a full-size Noah’s ark replica in Kentucky., based in the north of the Bluegrass state, is sculpted to proportions specified in the book of Genesis.
- It is 510ft long, seven storeys tall and, given its base is made of concrete, almost certain not to survive another of God’s watery caprices.
- The vessel would displace – while sinking like a stone – 15,000 to 20,000 tons of water).
- A creationist religious organisation that believes God created the Earth in six days and that the world is 6,000 years old, is behind the modern-day ark, which will open to the public on 7 July.
The group estimates that 1.4m people will visit the vessel in the first year and that the ark will bring $4bn to the Commonwealth of Kentucky. The ark is a non-floating exhibition offering both a glimpse into Noah’s life at sea and an opportunity to learn about Answers in Genesis’s theories on how our planet came to exist. Visitors tour the newly opened Ark Encounter. Photograph: Jim Lo Scalzo/EPA For those making the journey to Williamstown, 50 miles north of Lexington, a genuinely impressive structure awaits. In fact the ark’s scale is such that even Charles, the taxi driver who dropped me off there on Tuesday morning and had never heard of the Ark Encounter, despite living only twenty miles away, was impressed.
- Wow,” he said as we pulled up at the ark’s port side.
- That’s neat as hell.” The whole ship looks like something one might find at Ikea: smooth lines, minimal design and a baffling assembly method Neat is quite a good adjective for the ark’s exterior.
- It looks brand new and pristine.
- The pale yellow wood on its long hull – Radiata pine imported from New Zealand – brings to mind Ikea’s ubiquitous collection.
In fact, the whole ship looks like something one might find at Ikea: smooth lines, minimal design and a baffling assembly method. Answers in Genesis got the details for the build from measurements written in Genesis 6, in which God tells Noah the ark should be “”. The Ark Encounter took far less time to build than Noah’s ark did, according to the Bible. Photograph: Aaron P. Bernstein/Getty Images Noah’s ark, according to Answers in Genesis, took between 55 to 75 years to build. Once it was constructed, Noah herded the world’s animals, two by two, into the bowels of his vessel, where he tended to them until the flood receded.
The Ark Encounter comfortably beat Noah’s construction time, having been assembled in, It holds no livestock, but has models of various creatures stored in wooden cages. Creationists believe that rather than taking one of every modern species onboard the ark, Noah took ancestors of the animals we know today.
According to this belief, the original ark would have held two early forms of canine, whose offspring developed into wolves, foxes, domestic dogs and other animals upon leaving the ark. As such, the model animals held on the Ark Encounter are approximations of what dogs’, cats’ and rhinos’ ancestors would have looked like. A visitor looks into a cage containing a model dinosaur on the ark. Photograph: John Minchillo/AP And, given Answers in Genesis believes that dinosaurs walked the earth at the same time as man, there are also dinosaurs. Lots of them. There’s one which is akin to a brachiosaurus, with a long neck and tail.
There’s one that looks like a stegosaurus, with spines on its back. There’s some sort of dwarf-T Rex, and a depressed-looking leathery-thing that might be related to a pterodactyl. The animals are stored across three levels inside the ark. Huge wooden columns – tree trunks harvested in Washington and Montana – support each floor.
The stern of the ship is free of animal storage, allowing visitors to see the curvature of the craft’s hull, with huge beams holding pine planks in place. It succeeds in giving a sense of what it might have been like on the ark. Or on an old wooden ship.
- The seafarers’ accommodations look like something Roger Moore’s James Bond might blunder into on a jaunt to Morocco That impression is slightly spoiled by the presence of two Pepsi-branded refrigerators stocking a range of soft beverages, but – just as in Noah’s day – people do get thirsty.
- The ark, which cost around $100m to build, has been the subject of some controversy.
Answers in Genesis was, reportedly worth $18m, by the state of Kentucky, allowing it to recoup taxes on money made from visitors. The break was rescinded after it emerged Answers in Genesis would only hire Christian staff members, but the organisation sued and won.
- This June it also emerged that those wanting to work at the ark an agreement disavowing same-sex marriage and pre-marital sex.
- Staff and volunteers at the ark confirmed to the Guardian they had committed to the pledge.
- En Ham, president and co-founder of Answers in Genesis, defended the at Tuesday’s media preview.
“If you’re a religious organisation, you can have a religious preference in hiring. It makes sense. I can’t think of Planned Parenthood employing someone like me,” Ham said. Guardian “Besides which,” he said, “this is going to create jobs outside of the ark.” Answers in Genesis executives conducted interviews with the media on the third level of the ark, which,, is where the unclean animals were stored on the original.
- Thankfully, the top level of the Ark Encounter is instead home to a re-creation of the Noah family living quarters.
- In this modern-day interpretation, Noah and his sons live in surprising luxury.
- The imagined seafarers’ accommodations look like something Roger Moore’s James Bond might blunder into on a jaunt to Morocco, complete with wooden latticing, red curtains and soft lighting.
To the rear of this soothing scene, Andrew Snelling, the organisation’s research geologist, sat down to chat. Snelling disputed the science that suggested the Earth is 4.5bn years old, citing testing Answers in Genesis had conducted. “I know I’m rowing against the tide,” he acknowledged. Ken Ham says the Ark Encounter will create jobs ‘outside of the ark’. Photograph: Aaron P. Bernstein/Getty Images
In this area of Kentucky, there is a particularly large number of fossils, Snelling said.”We’ve got limestone layers underneath the ark here and they’re full of marine fossils, clams, corals, those sort of shallow water marine invertebrates,” he said, which suggested that at some point there had been a global flood.”So if you think about it, today we’re a thousand feet above sea level and we’re 500 miles from the ocean.
“Why aren’t the marine creatures buried in the oceans? That’s where they lived. But they’re actually buried up on the continents.” : Creators of the lost ark: replica of Noah’s vessel unveiled in Kentucky
How long was the Noah’s Ark and how wide was it?
How big would Noah’s ark need to have been? Wouldn’t it be possible to get two of every species on a giant cruise ship such as Oasis of the Seas ? – How does one quantify greatness? Trying to make comparisons of any sort with a mythical Noah’s ark are virtually impossible.
- Not only is the necessary cubic capacity unquantifiable but the logistics of keeping each and every one of the pairs of creatures alive and well seems to have been regarded as a sideline in the equation.
- Creating a habitat compatible with each creature’s original home would have been impossible; for example, bamboo plantations for the pandas, eucalyptus groves for the koala bears, ice floes for the penguins and polar bears, tanks for the freshwater creatures at risk from flood conditions, plus the filtering and pump systems necessary to maintain hygiene standards.
Compartmentation would have been vital, unless all the more aggressive creatures were suddenly endowed with docility. The herbivores would have required a vast storage area for their dried grasses; the carnivores, unless adapted as above, would have created havoc with their neighbours, so would have needed supplies of fresh meat from some unspecified source.
- All in all, it is best to keep the story locked in its mythical cocoon wrapped around with blind religious faith.
- Jack Hill, St Albans, Herts The dimensions of Noah’s ark in Genesis, chapter 6, are given in cubits (about 18-22 inches): length 300 cubits, breadth 50 cubits, and height 30 cubits.
- Taking the lower value of the cubit, this gives dimensions in feet of 450 x 75 x 45, which compares with 850 x 92 x 64 for the Titanic.
The ark was constructed by 600-year-old Noah and his three sons in six months. Whether he engaged any other labour force (to be drowned) and how he obtained the necessary supplies of gopher wood and pitch is not recorded. But there would have been plenty of room for animals and feedstock, for the limited number of local species.
When was the Ark of Noah built?
Noah’s Ark Location in Turkey a Secret – The team claims to have found in 2007 and 2008 seven large wooden compartments buried at 13,000 feet (4,000 meters) above sea level, near the peak of Mount Ararat. They returned to the site with a film crew in October 2009.
- Many Christians believe the mountain in Turkey is the final resting place of Noah’s ark, which the Bible says protected Noah, his family, and pairs of every animal species on Earth during a divine deluge that wiped out most of humanity.
- The structure is partitioned into different spaces,” said Noah’s Ark Ministries International team member Man-fai Yuen in a statement.
“We believe that the wooden structure we entered is the same structure recorded in historical accounts. ” The team says radiocarbon-dated wood taken from the discovery site—whose location they’re keeping secret for now—shows the purported ark is about 4,800 years old, which coincides roughly with the time of Noah’s flood implied by the Bible.
How tall was Jesus?
What Research and Science Can Tell Us About Jesus – In 2001, the retired medical artist Richard Neave led a team of Israeli and British forensic anthropologists and computer programmers in creating a new image of Jesus, based on an Israeli skull dating to the first century A.D., computer modeling and their knowledge of what Jewish people looked like at the time.
- Though no one claims it’s an exact reconstruction of what Jesus himself actually looked like, scholars consider this image—around five feet tall, with darker skin, dark eyes, and shorter, curlier hair—to be more accurate than many artistic depictions of the son of God.
- In her 2018 book What Did Jesus Look Like?, Taylor used archaeological remains, historical texts and ancient Egyptian funerary art to conclude that, like most people in Judea and Egypt around the time, Jesus most likely had brown eyes, dark brown to black hair and olive-brown skin.
He may have stood about 5-ft.-5-in. (166 cm) tall, the average man’s height at the time. While Cargill agrees that these more recent images of Jesus—including darker, perhaps curlier hair, darker skin and dark eyes—probably come closer to the truth, he stresses that we can never really know exactly what Jesus looked like.
How many years did Noah live?
At the age of 950 years, Noah, who shepherded God’s creatures through the Flood, died. He left behind three sons, from whom the human race descended, according to the Bible.
Where did the ark stay for 3 months?
2 Samuel 6 1 David again brought together out of Israel chosen men, thirty thousand in all.2 He and all his men set out from Baalah of Judah to bring up from there the ark of God, which is called by the Name, the name of the LORD Almighty, who is enthroned between the cherubim that are on the ark.3 They set the ark of God on a new cart and brought it from the house of Abinadab, which was on the hill.
Uzzah and Ahio, sons of Abinadab, were guiding the new cart 4 with the ark of God on it, and Ahio was walking in front of it.5 David and the whole house of Israel were celebrating with all their might before the LORD, with songs and with harps, lyres, tambourines, sistrums and cymbals.6 When they came to the threshing floor of Nacon, Uzzah reached out and took hold of the ark of God, because the oxen stumbled.7 The LORD’s anger burned against Uzzah because of his irreverent act; therefore God struck him down and he died there beside the ark of God.8 Then David was angry because the LORD’s wrath had broken out against Uzzah, and to this day that place is called Perez Uzzah.9 David was afraid of the LORD that day and said, “How can the ark of the LORD ever come to me?” 10 He was not willing to take the ark of the LORD to be with him in the City of David.
Instead, he took it aside to the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite.11 The ark of the LORD remained in the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite for three months, and the LORD blessed him and his entire household.12 Now King David was told, “The LORD has blessed the household of Obed-Edom and everything he has, because of the ark of God.” So David went down and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obed-Edom to the City of David with rejoicing.13 When those who were carrying the ark of the LORD had taken six steps, he sacrificed a bull and a fattened calf.14 David, wearing a linen ephod, danced before the LORD with all his might, 15 while he and the entire house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouts and the sound of trumpets.16 As the ark of the LORD was entering the City of David, Michal daughter of Saul watched from a window.
And when she saw King David leaping and dancing before the LORD, she despised him in her heart.17 They brought the ark of the LORD and set it in its place inside the tent that David had pitched for it, and David sacrificed burnt offerings and fellowship offerings before the LORD.18 After he had finished sacrificing the burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD Almighty.19 Then he gave a loaf of bread, a cake of dates and a cake of raisins to each person in the whole crowd of Israelites, both men and women.
And all the people went to their homes.20 When David returned home to bless his household, Michal daughter of Saul came out to meet him and said, “How the king of Israel has distinguished himself today, disrobing in the sight of the slave girls of his servants as any vulgar fellow would!” 21 David said to Michal, “It was before the LORD, who chose me rather than your father or anyone from his house when he appointed me ruler over the LORD’s people Israel-I will celebrate before the LORD.22 I will become even more undignified than this, and I will be humiliated in my own eyes.
That is, Kiriath Jearim; Hebrew Baale Judah, a variant of Baalah of Judah Hebrew; Septuagint and Vulgate do not have the Name. Dead Sea Scrolls and some Septuagint manuscripts; Masoretic Text cart and they brought it with the ark of God from the house of Abinadab, which was on the hill See Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint and 1 Chronicles 13:8; Masoretic Text celebrating before the LORD with all kinds of instruments made of pine, Perez Uzzah means outbreak against Uzzah. Traditionally peace offerings ; also in verse 18
How many days did it take for the ark to float?
Flood chronology – Numbers in the Bible often have symbolic or idiomatic meaning, and the 40 days and nights for which rain fell on the Earth indicates a complete cycle. The flood begins on the 17th day of the second month when “the springs of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates of the heavens were opened”, and after 40 days the ark floats (Genesis 7:11-12).
- The waters rise and then recede, and on the 17th day of the seventh month (or the 27th day in the Greek version) the ark rests on the mountains (Genesis 8:4).
- The waters continue to fall, the ark is uncovered on the 1st day of the 1st month of Noah’s 601st year, and is opened on the 27th day of his 601st year (Genesis 8:13-14).
The period from the beginning of the flood to the landing on the mountain is five months (the second month to the seventh, Genesis 7:11 and 8:4) and 150 days (8:3), making an impossible five months of 30 days each; the number is schematic, and is based on the Babylonian astronomical calendar of 360 days (12 months of 30 days each).
This means that the flood lasts 36 weeks according to the flood calendar, in which an extra day is added to every third month. The number of weeks is symbolically significant, representing the biblical cypher for destruction (the number 6, expressed as 6×6=36), while the number 7 (the number of days in a week) represents the persistence of creation during this time of destruction.
The period while the ark is afloat, i.e. the period during which the Earth is entirely covered by water, represents a gap in time, as is confirmed by the strange details of the ages of Noah and Shem. Noah is 600 years old when the flood comes, it ends in his 601st year, and he then lives another 350 years before dying in his 950th year (Genesis 9:28-29); the year taken up by the flood is not counted.
Similarly his son Shem is 100 years old on entering the ark (Genesis 7:6) and still 100 years old on fathering Arpachshad two years after the flood. Scholars have long puzzled over the significance of the flood lasting one year and eleven days (day 17 of year 600 to day 27 of year 601); one solution is that the basic calendar is a lunar one of 354 days, to which eleven days have been added to match a solar year of 365 days.
The “original”, Jahwist narrative of the Great Deluge was modest; a week of ostensibly non-celestial rain is followed by a forty-day flood which takes a mere week to recede in order to provide Noah his stage for God’s covenant. It is the Priestly source which adds more fantastic figures of a 150-day flood, which emerged by divine hand from the heavens and earth and took ten months to finally stop.
- That the Jahwist source’s capricious and somewhat simplistic depiction of Yahweh is clearly distinguished from the Priestly source’s characteristically majestic, transcendental, and austere virtuous Yahweh.
- The Priestly flood narrative is the only Priestly text that covers dates with much detail before the Exodus narrative,
This is perhaps due to a version of the flood myth that was floating around at the time. There is a text discovered from Ugarit known as RS 94.2953, consisting of fourteen lines telling a first-person account of how Ea appeared to the story’s protagonist and commanded him to use tools to make a window ( aptu ) at the top of the construction he was building, and how he implemented this directive and released a bird.
- Antoine Cavigneaux ‘s translation of this text made him propose that this fragment belongs to a Mesopotamian flood myth, perhaps Atrahasis or Tablet IX of Gilgamesh, which has a version found in Ugarit (RS 22.421) that contains a first person account of the flood.
- If this suggestion is correct, then RS 94.2953 represents a unique version of the Mesopotamian flood story.
Line 1 of the text says “At the start of the time of the disappearance of the moon, at the beginning of the month”. This reference to the lunar date giving the specific date the protagonist released the bird is significant as it is the only variant of the flood story giving a specific date and the rest do not attribute specific dates or calendrical details to the various stages of the flood.
Where did the ark stay for 20 years?
Return of the Ark to the Israelites – Joshua passing the River Jordan with the Ark of the Covenant by Benjamin West, 1800 After the Ark had been among them for seven months, the Philistines, on the advice of their diviners, returned it to the Israelites, accompanying its return with an offering consisting of golden images of the tumors and mice wherewith they had been afflicted.
The Ark was set up in the field of Joshua the Beth-shemite, and the Beth-shemites offered sacrifices and burnt offerings. Out of curiosity the men of Beth-shemesh gazed at the Ark; and as a punishment, seventy of them (fifty thousand and seventy in some translations) were struck down by the Lord. The Bethshemites sent to Kirjath-jearim, or Baal-Judah, to have the Ark removed; and it was taken to the house of Abinadab, whose son Eleazar was sanctified to keep it.
Kirjath-jearim remained the abode of the Ark for twenty years. Under Saul, the Ark was with the army before he first met the Philistines, but the king was too impatient to consult it before engaging in battle. In 1 Chronicles 13:3 it is stated that the people were not accustomed to consulting the Ark in the days of Saul,
How much did Noah’s ark weigh?
Noah’s Ark by Edward Hicks, 1846. Image: Wikimedia Commons /Philadelphia Museum of Art Noah has a lot going for him, in the biblical tale and in the recent Hollywood adaptation, Divine help would be a pretty useful tool in a quest to round up two of every species on the planet and build a gigantic ark to survive an apocalyptic flood.
- But, is the story rooted in truth or is it merely fable? Scholars and passionate internet commenters have long debated that question.
- There are quite a few holes in Noah’s story.
- Geological evidence of epic flooding exists, but tying it to mythical flood stories is tricky.
- It doesn’t help that archaeologists have made multiple false claims of discovering the ark on top of mountains across the Middle East.
However, the Bible is clear on one thing: Noah got specific instructions for the ark’s dimensions (300 cubits long, 50 cubits wide and 30 cubits high) and material (“gopher wood”). Gopher wood may refer to pine, cedar, or cypress wood. So, if one could hypothetically build an ark to the specifications outlined in the Bible, and actually cram two of every species on the boat, would it float or would Noah have found himself in a Titanic-like scenario? That’s what four physics graduate students at the University of Leicester wondered.
- As part of a special course that encourages the students to apply basic physics principles to more general questions, the team did the math and found that an ark full of animals in those dimensions could theoretically float.
- They recently published their research in a peer-reviewed, student-run publication, the Journal of Physics Special Topics,
“You don’t think of the Bible necessarily as a scientifically accurate source of information, so I guess we were quite surprised when we discovered it would work,” said Thomas Morris, one of the students who worked on the project, in a statement, To float, a boat has to exert the same amount of force on the ocean as the weight of the water it displaces.
This buoyancy force is essentially the biggest weight the ark could hold and not sink. To put it another way, an object with a density greater than water will sink. So if the Bible gives an approximate volume of the ark, and after factoring in the mass of the wood used to build it, one could figure out how much mass the system could take before it becomes more dense than water and sinks.
Now that we’ve defined the constraints on the system.what in the world is a cubit ? Ancients defined a cubit as the distance from a person’s elbow to tip of their middle finger. In modern units, this can typically range from 45.5 centimeters to 52.3 centimeters.
In their study, students decided on an average length for their calculations: 48.2 centimeters. This means that, by their approximations, the ark would have been 144.6 meters long, 24.1 meters wide, and 14.46 meters tall—the size of a very small cargo ship. They went with cypress wood, though pine and cedar wood have similar densities.
Using the density of cypress, they calculated the weight of this hypothetical ark: 1,200,000 kilograms (by comparison the Titanic weighed about 53,000,000 kilograms). Based on the density of sea water, they figured out that an empty box-shaped ark would float with it’s hull only dipping 0.34 meters into the water.
But what about an ark filled with human and animal cargo? Working backwards they assumed that the maximum weight would put the waterline right just below the top of the ark—if the ark is immersed beyond it’s full height, water would spill into the vessel and the ark would capsize. Forcing the bulk of the ark down into the water while still keeping it afloat would displace about 20 Olympic-sized swimming pools worth of sea water.
Knowing the volume of displaced sea water, and knowing that an object in water displaces its own weight, they crunched the numbers and found the total mass needed to displace that water. They subtracted the mass of an empty ark and found that the ark could hold 50,540,000 kg.
For some perspective: the average sheep is about 23.47 kilograms, so the biblical boat could have held about 2.15 million sheep. Fitting two of each of all the world’s animals in the ark is an entirely different matter, and scientists question how many species Noah would have needed to save to produce the modern populations of species that inhabit our planet today.
Scientists have characterized about 1.7 million species to date, so the students argue that, if the average mass of species represented on the ark was the average mass of sheep, the ark would theoretically have been able to accommodate them all without capsizing.
- However, some estimates put the total number of discovered and undiscovered species on Earth closer to 8.7 million, which would make for a lot of wet proxy sheep.
- Could Noah’s ark really have handled 8.7 million species? It seems unlikely, but biblical scholars and creationists have a workaround, arguing that the number of animals needed on the ark could be reduced to “kinds” instead of species and then suggesting that God introduced the possibility of endless hereditary variety into the genetic material of passengers and animals on the ark.
Their estimates put Noah’s cargo from around 2,000 to 50,000 animals. Marine life, of course, could stay in the ocean—two blue whales on deck would not only die but capsize any ship. Even if one could fit all the needed animals on the boat, and if those animals could survive the cramped cruise (the study made no estimates regarding the weight of the food or freshwater needed to sustain the ark population), building a seaworthy vessel is another factor.
- A boat sunk to its max in the water while still staying afloat could easily take on water from any breaching waves.
- And according to Euler-Bernoulli beam theory, the strength of a wooden beam decreases with its size, so because when things get bigger they break more easily, the beams that held this huge ark together might have been extremely fragile.
Else the beams were short, which would also introduce structural weaknesses due to the higher number of seams between wood planks. The students are quite clear about the fact that their study does not settle debate over the veracity of Noah’s story. “We’re not proving that it’s true, but the concept would definitely work,” said Morris.
How many animals are in the ark?
Getting an accurate count. – We can finally begin to make some calculations. Robert D. Barnes lists the number of living species for each phylum, ranging from the sole member of Placozoa to the 923,000 in Arthropoda (pp.12, 85-88). Using his figures, we arrive at a total of 1,177,920 species.
- In addition, there are many animals that are as yet unknown.
- Wendt estimates that only 2 percent of all the parasitic worms are known, which would easily add another million species (p.83).
- This includes as many as 500,000 nematodes, although only 15,000 have been described (Levine, p.1).
- Ten thousand new species of insects are discovered every year, yet still only a small fraction of those in existence have been found (Atkins, p.45).
All of those creatures were known at one time, for Adam gave them all names (Genesis 2:19-20), and, since they exist today, they must have been on the ark. But we shall be extremely generous to the creationists and add only 500,000 undiscovered species to our figure of 1,177,920—thus giving a mere 1,677,920 species with which Noah had to contend.
To this number, we must add the myriad of extinct prehistoric animals, which creationists assure us were alive at the time of the flood, making tracks in the Paluxy River, and which were known to Job afterward (John Morris, 1980, p.65). This would vastly increase the numbers, since “only a tiny percentage of the animal and plant species that have ever existed are alive today” (Kear, p.10).
However, since creationists do not believe in transitional forms, we can again give them the benefit of the doubt and add to our total only the 200,000 different fossils that have been described. This brings the number to 1,877,920 species or animal pairs that were to be boarded onto the ark.
- Of course, we can’t forget that Genesis 7:2-3 (particularly in the Revised Standard Version) makes it clear that only unclean animals come in single pairs, male and female; the clean animals and birds come in seven pairs, male and female.
- That means fourteen of each clean animal and each bird.
- But since figures for the number of clean animals are hard to find, we will have to let creationists off the hook and ignore them.
Birds are another story. There are 8,590 species of birds. Since they have already been calculated into our figure of 1,877,920 species or 3,755,840 individual animals on the ark, we need only six more pairs of each species of bird to make it come out to seven pairs.
How many years from Adam to Noah?
Day of October 4004 BCE, according to the Julian calendar. The time from Adam to Noah, at the time of the flood, is 1,656 years. Add subsequent genealogies found in Genesis chapters 10 and 11 and then the time from Jesus to the present equals approximately 6,000 years.
What was Jesus’s full name?
Jesus’ name in Hebrew was ‘Yeshua’ which translates to English as Joshua.
Who was the tallest man in the Bible?
In the Talmud – The Jewish Talmud embellishes the story, stating that Og was so large that he sought the destruction of the Israelites by uprooting a mountain so large, that it would have crushed the entire Israelite encampment. The Lord caused a swarm of ants to dig away the center of the mountain, which was resting on Og’s head.
The mountain then fell onto Og’s shoulders. As Og attempted to lift the mountain off himself, the Lord caused Og’s teeth to lengthen outward, becoming embedded into the mountain that was now surrounding his head. Moses, fulfilling Yahweh ‘s injunction not to fear him, seized a stick of ten cubits length, and jumped a similar vertical distance, succeeding in striking Og in the ankle.
Og fell down and died upon hitting the ground. Many great rabbis, notably Shlomo ibn Aderet, have explained this story in an allegorical manner.
What language did Jesus speak?
Aramaic is best known as the language Jesus spoke. It is a Semitic language originating in the middle Euphrates. In 800-600 BC it spread from there to Syria and Mesopotamia. The oldest preserved inscriptions are from this period and written in Old Aramaic.
Who lived for 950 years?
Islam – Main article: An Islamic depiction of Noah in a 16th-century Noah is a highly important figure in and he is seen as one of the most significant of all, The contains 43 references to Noah, or Nuḥ, in 28 chapters, and the seventy-first chapter, (: سورة نوح ), is named after him.
His life is also spoken of in the commentaries and in Islamic legends. Noah’s narratives largely cover his preaching as well the story of the, Noah’s narrative sets the prototype for many of the subsequent prophetic stories, which begin with the prophet warning his people and then the community rejecting the message and facing a punishment.
Noah has several titles in Islam, based primarily on praise for him in the Quran, including “True Messenger of God” (XXVI: 107) and “Grateful Servant of God” (XVII: 3). The Quran focuses on several instances from Noah’s life more than others, and one of the most significant events is the Flood.
- God makes a with Noah just as he did with Abraham,, and later on (33:7).
- Noah is later reviled by his people and reproached by them for being a mere human messenger and not an angel (10:72–74).
- Moreover, the people mock Noah’s words and call him a liar (7:62), and they even suggest that Noah is possessed by a devil when the prophet ceases to preach (54:9).
Only the lowest in the community join Noah in believing in God’s message (11:29), and Noah’s narrative further describes him preaching both in private and public. The Quran narrates that Noah received a revelation to build an, after his people refused to believe in his message and hear the warning.
- The narrative goes on to describe that waters poured forth from both the earth and the Heavens, destroying all the sinners.
- Even one of his sons disbelieved him, stayed behind, and was drowned.
- After the Flood ended, the Ark rested atop ( ).
- Noah’s ark and the deluge from Zubdat-al Tawarikh Also, Islamic beliefs deny the idea of Noah being the first person to drink wine and experience the aftereffects of doing so.
states that Noah had been living among the people who he was sent to for 950 years when the flood started. And, indeed, We sent forth Noah unto his people, and he dwelt among them a thousand years bar fifty; and then the floods overwhelmed them while they were still lost in evildoing.
Who lived 950 years in the Bible?
Methuselah, in the Hebrew Bible ( Old Testament ), patriarch whose life span as recorded in Genesis (5:27) was 969 years. Methuselah has survived in legend and tradition as the longest-lived human. His prodigious age has been taken as literally 969 solar years, as a possible mistranslation of 969 lunar months or tenths of years (with his age then ranging from about 78 years to almost 97 years), and as a myth intended to create an impression of a distant past between Adam and Noah, as well as any number of other interpretations.
Genesis tells nothing about Methuselah beyond sparse genealogical details: according to Genesis 5, he was the great-great-great-great-grandson of Seth, the child of Adam and Eve begotten more than a century after Cain, He was the father of Lamech and the grandfather of Noah, According to the biblical account, he came of hardy stock: all his forebears lived to an age between 895 and 962 years except his father, Enoch, who lived to be 365.
(In the genealogy of Cain in Genesis 4, there is a Methushael who also fathers a Lamech. Given this and certain other similarities, some scholars have proposed that the genealogies of Seth and Cain were possibly one list that became two at some point.) The enumeration of Methuselah in Genesis is his only appearance in the Hebrew Bible save for a mention in 1 Chronicles 1:3, where he is cited in the lineage of Saul,
Who in the Bible lived the longest?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Stained glass window of Methuselah from the southwest transept of Canterbury Cathedral in Kent, England|
|Died||1656 AM (aged 969)|
|Known for||Exceptionally long life|
|Children||Lamech and other sons and daughters|
Methuselah () ( מְתוּשֶׁלַח Məṯūšélaḥ, in pausa מְתוּשָׁלַח Məṯūšālaḥ, “His death shall send” or “Man of the javelin ” or “Death of Sword”; Greek : Μαθουσάλας Mathousalas ) was a biblical patriarch and a figure in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam,
- He had the longest lifespan of all those given in the Bible, having died at the age of 969.
- According to the Book of Genesis, Methuselah was the son of Enoch, the father of Lamech, and the grandfather of Noah,
- Elsewhere in the Bible, Methuselah is mentioned in genealogies in 1 Chronicles, Genesis, and the Gospel of Luke,
His life is described in further detail in other texts such as the Book of Enoch, Slavonic Enoch, and the Book of Moses, Bible commentators have offered various explanations as to why the Book of Genesis describes him as having died at such an advanced age; some believe that Methuselah’s age is the result of a mistranslation, while others believe that his age is used to give the impression that part of Genesis takes place in a very distant past.
How big was Noah’s ark compared to a cruise ship?
This means that Noahs Ark was around half the length and one-quarter of the height of the worlds largest cruise ship, Symphony of the Seas, which is 1,184 feet long and 238 feet high.
How long is a cubit?
1. Introduction – If we know anything of the cubit today, it probably comes from acquaintance with Hebrew Scripture and/or the Old and New Testaments. People have heard or read about the dimensions of Noah’s Ark or Solomon’s Temple. Acquaintance with Egyptian history might have brought some awareness from the dimensions given for pyramids and temples.
The cubit was a common unit in the early East. It continues today in some locations, but with less prominence having been replaced by modern day units. Early employment of the cubit throughout the Near East showed varied dimensions for this unit. Some variants can be examined easier with reference to biblical passages.
Additional variants can also be found in numerous secular documents, but these are less known and less accessible than scripture. The word cubit (′kyü-bǝt) in English appears derived from the Latin cubitum for elbow. It was π ή χ υ ς (pay′-kus) in Greek.
The cubit is based upon a human characteristic—the length of the forearm from the tip of the middle finger to end of the elbow. Many definitions seem to agree on this aspect of the unit, yet it does not produce a universal standard for there are many ways to determine a cubit. It can be measured from the elbow to the base of the hand, from the elbow to a distance located between the outstretched thumb and little finger, or from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger.
These alternate descriptions further complicate the matter of determining a specific unit measure of the cubit. Hereafter, the latter description, elbow to the tip of the middle finger, will signify the common unit. The human figure (typically male) has been the basis for many dimensions.
The foot is immediately recognized as an example, Less commonly heard is onyx (nail), but onyx remains a medical term. The Old English ynche, ynch, unce, or inch was a thumb-joint breadth. The anthropomorphic basis for many standards supports the statement “man is the measure of all things” attributed to Protagoras according to Plato in the Theaetetus,
Small wonder the cubit was initially employed for measurement given its omnipresent availability for use. We always possess the unit. Human figure units are arbitrary but universal are especially effective by their bodily reference producing a crude standard that is immediately accessable.
The cubit provides a convenient middle unit between the foot and the yard. The English yard could be considered a double cubit said to measure 12 palms, about 90 cm, or 36 inches measured from the center of a man’s body to the tip of the fingers of an outstretched arm, This is a useful way of measuring cloth held center body to an outstretched hand (two cubits), or across the body to both outstretched hands (four cubits as specified in Exodus 26: 1-2, 7-8).
The English ell is a larger variant of the cubit consisting of 15 palms, 114 cm, or 45 inches. It is about equal to the cloth measure ell of early Scotland. A man’s stride, defined as stepping left-right, produces a double cubit, or approximately a yard,
The dimensions in Table 1 give the (approximate) relative lengths for meter, yard, cubit, and foot. The cubit was a basic unit in early Israel and the surrounding Near East countries. It is א ט ה in Hebrew (pronounced am-mah′), which can be interpreted “the mother of the arm” or the origin, that is, the forearm/cubit.
Selected biblical references for the cubit include these five rather well-known selections. (1) And God said to Noah, I have determined to make an end of all flesh; for the earth is filled with violence through them; behold, I will destroy them with the earth.
Make yourself an ark of gopher wood; make rooms in the ark, and cover it inside and out with pitch. This is how you are to make it: the length of the ark three hundred cubits, its breadth fifty cubits, and its height thirty cubits. (Genesis 6:13–15 RSV) (2) They shall make an ark of acacia wood; two cubits and a half shall be its length, a cubit and a half its breadth, and a cubit and a half its height.
And you shall overlay it with pure gold, within and without shall you overlay it, and you shall make upon it a molding of gold round about. (Exodus 25:10-11 RSV) (3) And he made the court; for the south side the hangings of the court were of fine twined linen, a hundred cubits; their pillars were twenty and their bases twenty, of bronze, but the hooks of the pillars and their fillets were of silver.
And for the north side a hundred cubits, their pillars twenty, their bases twenty, of bronze, but the hooks of the pillars and their fillets were of silver. And for the west side were hangings of fifty cubits, their pillars ten, and their sockets ten; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets were of silver.
And for the front to the east, fifty cubits. (Exodus 38:9–13 RSV) (4) And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered, and encamped in the valley of Elah, and drew up in line of battle against the Philistines. And the Philistines stood on the mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on the mountain on the other side, with a valley between them.
And there came out from the camp of the Philistines a champion named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span. (1 Samuel 17:2–4 RSV) (5) In the four hundred and eightieth year after the people of Israel came out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv, which is the second month, he began to build the house of The Lord.
The house which King Solomon built for The Lord was sixty cubits long, twenty cubits wide, and thirty cubits high. (1 Kings 6:1-2 RSV) The cubit determined a measure for many aspects of life in Biblical history. A Sabbath day’s journey measured 2,000 cubits (Exodus 16:29).
This statue proscribed a limit to travel on the Sabbath. The distance between the Ark of the Covenant and the camp of the Israelites during the exodus is estimated at about 914 meters, 1,000 yards, or 2,000 cubits, Biblical citations and historical archeology suggest more than one standard length for the cubit existed in Israel.
In II Chronicles 3:3 the citation may imply cubits of the old standard. Ezekiel 40:5; 43:13 may be indicating the cubit plus a hand. Archeological evidence from Israel suggests that 52.5 cm = 20.67 and 45 cm = 17.71 constitute the long and short cubits of this time and location.
- To some scholars, the Egyptian cubit was the standard measure of length in the Biblical period.
- The Biblical sojourn/exodus, war, and trade are probable reasons for this length to have been employed elsewhere.
- The Tabernacle, the Temple of Solomon, and many other structures are described in the Bible by cubit measures.
These also occur with two different cubits dimensions, the long or royal (architectural) cubit and the short (anthropological) cubit. Scholars have used various means to determine the length of these cubits with some success. The long cubit is given as approximately 52.5 centimeters and the short cubit as about 45 centimeters,
- The Israelite long cubit corresponds to the Egyptian cubit of 7 hands with 6 hands for shorter one.
- Eerdman’s Dictionary of the Bible states ” archeology and literature suggests an average length for the common cubit of 44.5 cm (17.5 in.).” This citation also gives a range of 42–48 cm (17–19 in) for the cubit.
Range is an important parameter because it indicates the variation operating on this measure. Variation indicates multiple influences. The English use of cubit is difficult to determine. The exact length of this measure varies depending upon whether it included the entire length from the elbow to the tip of the longest finger or by one of the alternates described earlier.
Some scholars suggest that the longer dimension was the original cubit making it 20.24 inches for the ordinary cubit, and 21.88 inches for the sacred one, or a standard cubit from the elbow to end of middle finger (20′′) and a lower forearm cubit from the elbow to base of the hand (12′′). These are the same dimensions for Egyptian measurements according to Easton’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary,
The Interpreter’s Bible gives the Common Scale length as 444.25 mm or 17.49 inches and Ezekial’s Scale as 518.29 mm or 20.405 inches for the two cubit lengths. Inasmuch as the Romans colonized England the shorter cubit previously mentioned may have been the standard.
- A rod or staff is called ג מד (gomedh) in Judges 3:16, which means a cut, or something cut off.
- The LXX (Septuagint) and Vulgate render it “span” which in Hebrew Scripture or the Old Testament is defined as a measure of distance (the forearm cubit), roughly 18 inches (almost 0.5 of a meter).
- Among the several cubits mentioned is the cubit of a man or common cubit in Deut.3:11 and the legal cubit or cubit of the sanctuary described in Ezra 40.5,
Barrios gives a summary of linear Hebrew measures (see Table 2 ). Barrois indicates the dimension of the cubit can only be determined by deduction and not directly because of conflicting information. He reports the aqueduct of Hezekiah was 1,200 cubits according to the inscription of Siloam.
Its length is given as 5333.1 meters or 1,749 feet. Absolute certainty for the length of a cubit cannot be determined, and there are great differences of opinion about this length fostering strong objections and debates. Some writers make the cubit eighteen inches and others twenty, twenty-one inches, or greater.
This appears critically important for those seeking to determine the exact modern equivalent of dimensions taken from scripture. Taking 21 inches for the cubit, the ark Noah built would be 525 feet in length, 87 feet 6 inches in breadth, and 52 feet 6 inches in height.
- Using the standard 20′′ cubit and 9′′ span, Goliath’s height would be 6 cubits plus a span for about 10 feet and 9 inches.
- With a cubit of 18′′ his height is 9 feet 9 inches.
- The Septuagint, LXX, suggests 4 cubits plus a span, or a more modest 6 feet and 9 inches.
- There are many implications depending upon which dimension is selected,
The story requires young David to slay a giant and not simply an above average sized man! Likewise for many other dimensions and description found in early writings, the larger the dimensions, the better the story. Sacred dimensions require solemn, awe inspiring ones, but this frustrates an exact determination.
Rabbi David ben Zimra (1461–1571) claimed the Foundation Stone and Holy of Holies were located within the Dome of the Rock on the Temple Mount. This view is widely accepted, but with differences of opinion over the exact location known as the “central location theory,” some of these differences result from strong disagreement over the dimension of the cubit.
Kaufman argues against the “central location theory” defending a cubit measuring 0.437 meters (1.43 feet). David argues for a Temple cubit of 0.56 meters (1.84 feet). Differences in the length of the cubit arise from various historical times and geographical locations in the biblical period.
These very long time periods and varied geographical locations frustrate determining a more exact length to the cubit. Israel’s location between Egypt and Mesopotamia suggest that many influences came into play over the space of hundreds and hundreds of years in this well-traveled area. These influences probably contributed to the varied dimensions encountered over this long time frame.
Stories, myths, and drama add their share. The earliest written mention of the cubit occurs in the Epic of Gilgamesh. The incomplete text is extant in twelve tablets written in Akkadian found at Nineveh in the library of Ashurbanipal, king of Assyria (669–630? BCE).