Basic information about Mexico
- Official name: United Mexican States.
- Official Language: Spanish and has over 68 indigenous languages.
- Currency: Mexican Peso.
Territory: Mexico covers an area of 1,964,375 km 2, of which 1,959,248 km 2 is land area and 5,127 km 2 were insular surface. In this territory should be added the Exclusive Economic Zone of the territorial sea, covering 3,149,920 km 2, so the country’s total area is 5,114,295 km 2, Extreme coordinates framing the Mexican territory are:
North: 32 ° 43 ’06” north latitude, at Monument 206, on the border with the United States of America (3,152.90 kilometers).
South: 14 ° 32 ’27” north latitude, at the mouth of the river Suchiate border with Guatemala (1,149.8 kilometers).
East: 86 ° 42 ’36” W, in the extreme southwest of Isla Mujeres.
West: 118 ° 27 ’24” W, in the Point Elephant Rock at the Guadalupe Island, in the Pacific Ocean.
Mexico City (formerly the Federal District) is the Capital of Mexico, where the Government host the Powers of the Union (Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches). The p olitical division of Mexico consists of 32 states: Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Coahuila, Colima, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Durango, Mexico City, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatán, and Zacatecas.
With the United States of America, a boundary line extends over 3,152 km from the 258 Monument northwest of Tijuana to the mouth of the Rio Grande into the Gulf of Mexico. The neighboring states at the north of the country: Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas.
The border with Guatemala has an area of 956 km, with neighboring states: Chiapas, Tabasco, Campeche and Quintana Roo.
The land border with Belize is 193 km and the maritime boundary is 85,266 km along the Bay of Chetumal. The state that borders with Belize is Quintana Roo.
Population: Mexico has a population of more than 126 million inhabitants. On page of you can get more information about the geography of Mexico (location in the world, orography, hydrography, climate, population, etc.). Government: The form of political organization in Mexico is that of a Representative Republic, Democratic, Federal, composed of free and sovereign in all matters relating to their internal government, but united in a Federation.
- Embassy of Mexico
- 2129 Abdu Abubakar Cres,
- Asokoro, Abuja, FCT, Nigeria.
- 1 Are there 31 or 32 states in Mexico?
- 2 Why is Mexico 52?
- 3 Is Mexico bigger than New York City?
- 4 Is Mexico the 3 largest country?
- 5 Which language did Mexico speak?
- 6 What is a nickname for Mexico?
- 7 What is Mexico famous for?
- 8 How many states are in Mexico 2023?
- 9 Is Mexico divided into 31 states plus the federal of Mexico City?
- 10 Is Mexico part of the 50 states?
Are there 31 or 32 states in Mexico?
The states of Mexico are first-level administrative divisions of the country of Mexico, which is officially named United Mexican States. There are 32 federal entities in Mexico ( 31 states and the capital, Mexico City, as a separate entity that is not formally a state).
What are the 5 biggest states in Mexico?
List of Mexican states by area
|Rank||State||land (sq mi)|
Is Mexico divided into 32 states?
How are the states of Mexico divided and organized? – Mexico is divided into 32 states and one federal district, which serves as the capital city of Mexico City. Each state has its local government, headed by a governor and a unicameral legislature. The division and organization of states in Mexico are based on historical, cultural, political, and economic factors.
The states are further divided into municipalities or municipios, the smallest administrative division in Mexico. As of 2023, there are over 2,400 municipalities in Mexico. This helps empower local governments and gives citizens access to more direct representation. It is interesting to note that each state in Mexico has its unique identity, culture, and customs that contribute to the country’s rich diversity.
For example, Oaxaca is known for its vibrant indigenous culture and cuisine, while Baja California is known for its stunning beaches and wine region. One challenge facing the division and organization of states in Mexico is the issue of resource distribution.
What’s the biggest state in Mexico?
Chihuahua, estado (state), northern Mexico, It is bounded to the north and northeast by the United States ( New Mexico and Texas ), to the east by the state of Coahuila, to the south by the state of Durango, and to the west by the states of Sinaloa and Sonora,
- Its capital is the city of Chihuahua,
- In precolonial times, Chihuahua was inhabited by nomadic and seminomadic indigenous peoples.
- With the advent of Spanish explorers in the mid-16th century, these Indian groups began a long string of rebellions against the colonists that lasted several centuries.
- The Spanish established silver mines in the region, and Chihuahua became a centre for trading.
Under Spanish rule, Chihuahua along with Durango formed part of Nueva Vizcaya province. It was not separated from Durango until after Mexico’s independence was achieved (1823). Chihuahua city was captured and occupied by U.S. troops in 1847 during the Mexican-American War,
- The people of the state were active in most of the revolutionary outbreaks in Mexico during the 19th and early 20th centuries.
- Native influence in the state is now slight, most of those populations having been assimilated or displaced, but isolated communities of Raramuri ( Tarahumara ) and Tepehua survive in the sierra.
Chihuahua is Mexico’s largest state. For the most part, its relief consists of an elevated plain that slopes gently downward toward the Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte) in the northeast. The vast Chihuahuan Desert dominates the northeastern half of the state.
- Western Chihuahua, however, is broken by the Sierra Madre Occidental and its spurs, which form high fertile valleys and deep canyons.
- The elevated plateaus and valleys experience heavy rainfall, but most of the state receives less than 20 inches (500 mm) annually.
- An impermeable clay subsoil prevents much of the rain’s absorption, so what little rain does fall is carried along the bare land surface in torrents.
Copper Canyon (Barranca del Cobre), in the western part of the state, reaches depths of 4,600 feet (1,400 metres) in places. It is larger and more spectacular than the Grand Canyon but is virtually inaccessible, though a railway traverses part of it. Among the other scenic areas are Majalca Peaks National Park, some 30 miles (50 km) northwest of Chihuahua city, and the Basaseachic waterfall, in the Sierra Madre.
The only river of consequence is the Conchos, which flows north and northeast into the Rio Grande. Chihuahua is one of Mexico’s leading producers of iron, lead, zinc, gold, silver, copper, and other minerals. Scarcity of water has been a serious obstacle to agricultural development in the state except in districts where irrigation is practicable; cotton and beans are the main crops, and apples and nuts are also significant products.
Forestry and livestock raising are economically important in the mountainous districts of the west, where there is sufficient precipitation and pasturage for much of the year. The city of Chihuahua is a transportation hub with air, highway, and railway links to central Mexico and the United States.
- Other important cities in the state are Hidalgo del Parral and Juárez (or Ciudad Juárez), which lies across the Rio Grande from El Paso, Texas.
- The population of Juárez has boomed along with the growth of maquiladora s (export-oriented assembly plants) and cross-border migration; however, drug trafficking and violent crime have become major concerns along the border.
The state’s government is headed by a governor, who is elected to a single six-year term. Members of the unicameral House of Deputies serve for terms of three years. The legislature can levy taxes, but in reality Chihuahua depends on the federal government for most of its revenue. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now This article was most recently revised and updated by John P. Rafferty,
Why is Mexico 52?
International Dialing Codes – Calling Mexico from the USA has never been easier (or cheaper!). If you wish to call a landline in Mexico from the USA, here’s how to call: Dial 011 + 52 + Area Code + Land Phone Number 00 – Exit code when making an international call from the USA 1 – US country code for inbound calls 00 + 1 + City Code + Local Number – International dialing code format Or 011 + 52 + 11 Digit Mobile Number A little explanation about the numbers you’ll need to dial:
011 is your exit code for the USA, and is required when making international calls from the United States. The United States has several dialing codes 52 is Mexico’s international dialing code. Area Code – There are 385 area codes in Mexico so if there’s a code you need to dial it after you dial the international dialing code (52). If there’s no area code, simply dial the recipient’s number after dialing the international dialing code (52). If you’re not sure what the area code is check out this full list of Mexican area codes.
If you wish to call a mobile number in Mexico from the USA, follow this simple step and dial: 011 + 52 + 1??? ??? ???? Remember to remove the first number following the 1.
Is Mexico made up of 31?
Mexican Culture: The History of Mexico Mexico has a rich history beginning with the Olmecs in 1200 B.C. That is the earliest record of civilization in Mexico. However, over the course of three thousand years Mexico has developed into what we know it as today. Steeped in culture and tradition, Mexico is known for its bright colors, flavorful foods, chilli peppers and tequila.
From the colorful native clothing worn during the many celebrations throughout Mexico, to the housing doors and exteriors, to the traditional blankets of Mexico, colors abound. Mexico is also known for tequila and the precious agave plants from which it originates. Whether or not you’re a fan of tequila, most likely, when you hear the word Mexico, tacos and tequila come to mind.
And of course margaritas. However, Mexico is so much more than food, drink and color. The article below from outlines a small portion of Mexico’s history from its beginning up until today. A country rich in history, tradition and culture, Mexico is made up of 31 states and one federal district.
What is Mexico’s full name?
Embajada de México en Australia The word Mexico comes from the Nahuatl language, which was spoken by the Mexicas, or also known as Aztecs. The etymology of the word ‘Mexico’ has been widely discussed as there is no definitive proof about its sole origin.
The theory that is mostly accepted points out that it is formed from three Nahuatl words: ‘metztli’ meaning ‘moon’; ‘xictli’ translate as ‘belly button’ or ‘centre’; and the affix ‘-co’ indicating ‘place’. Therefore, the full translation and meaning of the word ‘Mexico’ would be ‘in the moon’s belly button’, or well ‘in the centre of the lake of the moon’.
The reason for such name would be that the city of Mexico-Tenochtitlan was founded on an islet on the current lake of Texcoco, previously known as the Moon Lake. The official legal name of the country is ‘United Mexican States’. A federal republic organised in three powers: Executive Power, Legislative Power and Judicial Power.
- It is made up of, including Mexico City, which constitutes the capital of the country and the three union powers reside.
- Mexico is geographically located in the extreme south of North America where it is an integral part of one of the most important economic blocks in the world on the American continent, limited to the north by the United States, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, to the southeast by Guatemala and Belize and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.
Mexico has a continental area of 1’960,189 square kilometers, an exclusive economic zone of 3’149,190 and an extended continental shelf in the western polygon of the Gulf of Mexico of 10,570 square kilometers, giving a total of 5,120,679 square kilometers.
- The of Mexico is the head of state and he is elected by popular vote for a period of 6 years (six-year term).
- The is bicameral: with a chamber of senators that has 128 seats and a chamber of deputies with 500 legislators.
- The is exercised by the Supreme Court of Justice made up of 11 ministers.
- The most recent population and housing census was carried out by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) from March 2 to 27, 2020 ( ), which announced that the amounts to 126,014,024; that the is 64 inhabitants per square kilometer, among many other important indicators, such as: birth, fertility, mortality, marriage, migration, indigenous language and religion, which can be reviewed online.
In Mexico there is freedom of belief and worship, which is enshrined in Article 24 of the Constitution. According to the 2020 Population and Housing Census in matters of religion, the comparisons between 2010 and 2020 were: a lower percentage of faithful of the Catholic Church (from 82.7 to 77.7%), a higher percentage of faithful of Protestant and Evangelical churches (of 7.5 to 11.2%) and, above all, a higher percentage of people without religion (from 4.7 to 8.1%, with an additional 2.5 of people without religious affiliation).
- Formal education in Mexico is based on the Mexican Educational System, whose levels are: initial education, basic education, upper secondary education and higher education.
- The management of education is the responsibility of the State itself, which falls to the Ministry of Public Education (SEP) whose essential purpose is to create conditions that allow ensuring access of all Mexican women and men to quality education, at the level and modality that require it and, in the place, where they demand it.
( ). The most widely spoken language is Spanish and are officially recognized, so the country is among the top ten with the most native languages and ranks second with this characteristic in Latin America, according to the National Institute of Indigenous Languages (INALI).
The Bank of Mexico (Banxico) or central bank, is the institution of the country that is in charge of supplying the national currency reserves for the functioning of the economy. It performs autonomously as established by the Constitution and its priority is to ensure the stability of the currency. Mexican peso is the official currency of Mexico; It is the eighth most traded currency in the world and third in the American continent (equivalent to the Australian dollar,) The net internal debt of the federal public sector was 7 trillion 202 billion pesos, while the net external debt of the federal public sector stood at 207.8 billion dollars (equivalent to 3 trillion 887.5 billion pesos) according to data from the February 2020.
The National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) offers a “Timely Quarterly GDP Estimate” on the evolution of the Mexican economy 30 days after the end of the reference quarter, based on: the statistical information available at that time, the statistical techniques and econometric models that are best used conform to that information.
The Ministry of Economy is responsible for formulating and conducting the country’s industry, foreign and domestic trade, supply and price policies. Its actions are aimed at promoting the generation of quality jobs and economic growth, through the promotion and implementation of public policies that trigger competitiveness and productive investments.
The Undersecretariat of Foreign Trade is the Federal Government body empowered to carry out the negotiation, administration and defense of International Trade and Investment Treaties and Agreements. Its mission is to contribute to the development, productivity and competitiveness of the Mexican economy, through the design and execution of international trade policy, as well as the conduct of international trade relations and negotiations in which Mexico participates.
- The General Directorate of Foreign Investment (DGIE) of the Ministry of Economy, is in charge of managing and operating the National Registry of Foreign Investments (RNIE); disseminate information and studies on the investment climate in the country and implement public policy guidelines on FDI.
- Preliminary figures are normally published by the Ministry of Economy.
The Ministry of Tourism (SECTUR) has the mission of leading the national tourism development, through planning activities, promoting the development of the offer, supporting the operation of tourist services and promotion, articulating the actions of different instances and levels of government.
- Its purpose is to make Mexico a leading country in tourist activity, a key part of Mexico’s economic development.
- Likewise, it is proposed to diversify tourism products and develop new markets; encourage tourism companies to be competitive nationally and internationally and develop tourism while respecting natural, cultural and social environments.
The National Fund for Tourism Development (FONATUR) is the strategic instrument for the development of tourism investment in Mexico, has played a leading role in the country’s tourism development and has become a key axis for promoting tourism investment sustainable.
Mexico has world-class destinations such as Cancun, Ixtapa, Los Cabos, Loreto, Huatulco and Riviera Nayarit The Tourism Diplomacy Council was created in 2019 with the purpose of promoting Mexican tourism abroad, through the planning, design and implementation of strategies between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Tourism (SECTUR).
The Council is made up of the 80 embassies and 67 consulates of Mexico abroad, whose task is to promote the Mexico brand in the world.
- Mexico has 35 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The magazine México Desconocido mentions and describes them:
- The Magic Towns Program contributes to revalue a group of populations in the country that have always been in the collective imagination of the nation as a whole and that represent fresh and different alternatives for national and foreign visitors and constitute localities with symbolic attributes, legends, history, transcendent facts of everyday life.
- The National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT) was created in 1970, it is a decentralized public body of the State, not sectorized, with legal personality and its own patrimony, which aims to be the advisory and specialized entity to articulate the government’s public policies federal government and promote the development of scientific and technological research and innovation.
The Ministry of Culture is the institution in charge of promoting and disseminating the artistic and cultural expressions of Mexico, as well as the projection of the country’s presence abroad. Its faculties include, carrying out plans, programs and projects related to the dissemination, expression and appreciation of fine arts, culture and popular arts, administering the archaeological, historical and artistic monuments that make up the cultural heritage of the Nation.
- The National Institute of Fine Arts (INBA) since its foundation in 1946 stimulates, preserves, promotes and disseminates Mexican art and culture, making it the home of Mexican creators and a space for cultural dialogue and encounter.
- The National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) promotes research, preserves and disseminates the archaeological, anthropological, historical and paleontological heritage of the nation in order to strengthen the identity and memory of society.
It has governing and regulatory powers in the protection and conservation of tangible and intangible cultural heritage and is at the forefront thanks to its level of excellence in research and in the training of professionals in the field of its competence.
In 2019, the Cultural Diplomacy Council was established, which is made up of notable Mexican men and women who represent the highlights of Mexican cultural identity, in order to promote the culture and art of Mexico in the world. It is a collaboration mechanism that uses a digital platform that serves as an instrument for dialogue and generation of projects, with the participation of the cultural aggregates of Mexico and the network of Mexicans abroad, state governments and specialists who from different spaces propose and join forces to consolidate the presence of our country in the world.
INDICATORS OF INTEREST ON MEXICO “Human Development Index” (HDI) The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) calculates this taking into account three basic dimensions of development: health, education and income that can be measured through four indicators: hope of life at birth; years of schooling; average grade of schooling; per capita gross national income and life expectancy.
The Human Development Index (HDI) was created to emphasize that expanding people’s opportunities should be the most important criterion for assessing development results. “Competitiveness Index” measures how a country uses its resources and capacity to provide its inhabitants with a high level of prosperity.
In 2020, the country ranked 53rd due to weakening economic performance and recently due to the pandemic. of COVID-19. The COVID-19 impact has been very important, which is why it is recommended to access the site of the Government of Mexico here. “Economic Observatory of Complexity”, OEC (for its acronym in English), is a site supported by the MIT group “Media Lab Macro Connections” which provides a compendium of information on the commercial and productive aspects of countries around the world.
Is Mexico bigger than New York City?
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Highlights Mexico City is the largest city in North America followed by New York City and Los Angeles. About Mexico City Mexico City is capital of Mexico and seat of the federal powers of Mexico. It is a federal entity within Mexico which is not part of any one of the 31 Mexican states but belongs to the federation as a whole.
- Mexico City is the country’s largest city as well as its most important political, cultural, educational and financial center.
- As an “alpha” global city, Mexico City is one of the most important financial centers in North America.
- It is located in the Valley of Mexico (Valle de México), a large valley in the high plateaus at the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 metres (7,350 ft).
The city consists of sixteen boroughs.
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Is Mexico the 3 largest country?
Embajada de México en Indonesia
|The United Mexican States, commonly known as Mexico, is a federal republic in North America. It borders to the north with the United States; to the south and west with the Pacific Ocean; to the the southeast with Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east with the Gulf of Mexico. If you need more information about Mexico (geography, history, governors, flag, anthem, etc.) please visit the official web site:|
|Mexico is the fifth-largest country in the Americas and the 14th largest in the world. It is the 11th most populated country and the largest Spanish speaking country. Mexico is a federation comprising thirty-one states and a Federal District, the capital city. It ranks fifth in the world and first in the Americas by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites with 31, to check the list of the Mexican World Heritage clickon:, In 2011 was the 11th most visited country in the world with more than 22 million of international arrivals. If you are planning to visit Mexico access to the official web site for further information about the tourist destinations.||Tulum, México|
| Mexico is one of the world’s largest economies (14th) and a regional power. Since 1994 our country became the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and a firmly established upper-middle income country. Mexico is considered a newly industrialized country and an emerging power. Furthermore, Mexico is an active member of the G20, APEC, UN, OAS among others.
Official Name: United States of Mexico Population: 112,336,538 people (57,481,307 women and 54,855,231 men) Currency: Mexican Peso (MXN) National Day: 16 September
|Chac Mool, Cancún, México|
Embajada de México en Indonesia
What 7 states belonged to Mexico?
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, that brought an official end to the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), was signed on February 2, 1848, at Guadalupe Hidalgo, a city north of the capital where the Mexican government had fled with the advance of U.S.
Is Mexico a state yes or no?
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What is the smallest state in Mexico?
Tlaxcala, Mexico’s smallest state, is in the shaded area of the map of Mexico.
What is Mexico’s safest state?
The Yucatan state has the lowest crime rates in Mexico. Along with Campeche state, the Yucatan is consistently recognized as being the safest part of the country year after year.
Is Mexico larger than Japan?
Japan is approximately 377,915 sq km, while Mexico is approximately 1,964,375 sq km, making Mexico 420% larger than Japan. Meanwhile, the population of Japan is ~124.2 million people (4.9 million more people live in Mexico). Flip comparison: see Mexico on top of Japan This to-scale comparison of Japan vs. Mexico vs. Spain Mexico vs. Italy Mexico vs. France Mexico vs. Iceland Mexico vs. Egypt Mexico vs. Canada Mexico vs. United Kingdom Mexico vs. Germany Mexico vs. Vietnam Mexico vs. Peru Mexico vs. Ireland Mexico vs. Poland Mexico vs. Thailand Mexico vs. China Mexico vs. Greece Mexico vs. Australia Share this
Is Mexico larger than France?
France is approximately 551,500 sq km, while Mexico is approximately 1,964,375 sq km, making Mexico 256% larger than France. Meanwhile, the population of France is ~68.3 million people (60.8 million more people live in Mexico). Flip comparison: see Mexico on top of France This to-scale comparison of France vs. Mexico vs. Germany Mexico vs. Ireland Mexico vs. Austria Mexico vs. Russia Mexico vs. China Mexico vs. Iceland Mexico vs. Spain Mexico vs. Thailand Mexico vs. Peru Mexico vs. Poland Mexico vs. Egypt Mexico vs. United Kingdom Mexico vs. Canada Mexico vs. Ecuador Mexico vs. United States Mexico vs. Italy Share this
Which language did Mexico speak?
Description – Spanish is the de facto national language in Mexico. It is spoken by the vast majority of the population. There is no stated official language. Mexican Spanish includes the variety of dialects and sociolects of the language spoken in Mexico.
- Nahuatl – the only indigenous language spoken by more than a million people in Mexico.
- Yucatec Maya
- Tzeltal Maya – also known as Tzeltal or Tseltal (a Mayan Language )
- Tzotzil Maya – also known as Tzotzil (a Mayan Language )
- Mixtec – part of the Mixtecan languages
- Zapotec – part of the Zapotec languages
- List of Indigenous Languages of Mexico by population size
Most materials used in Mexican research are written in Spanish. However, you do not need to speak or read Spanish to do research in Mexican records. However, you will need to know some key words and phrases to understand the records. The official language of Mexico is Spanish, which is spoken by 90 percent of the people.
Indian languages of the Aztecs, Mayans, and other tribes are still spoken throughout the country. Originally there may have been more than 200 roots of native languages. In 1889, Antonio García Cubas estimated that 38% of Mexicans spoke an indigenous language, down from 60% in 1820. By the end of the 20th century, this figure had fallen to 6%.
In the early history of Mexico after the Spanish conquest, the spiritual leaders knew Latin, and where schools were established, Latin was a required subject. So you may find some Latin terms included in church records. Hundreds of native languages and dialects existed although very few written records survived the European conquest.
Of these the Náuatl language, spoken by the Aztecs of the Central Plateau region, is predominant, followed by the Mayan of the Yucatan Pennisula and Northern Central America. The Zapoteco, Mixteco, and Otomi languages, follow in importance. Mexico is a diverse country in terms of the languages that are used from the US border down to the Guatemalan border and it depends on the era of interest as well.
Before the arrival of the Spaniards, there were diverse tribes or cultures with their respective languages. The Mayan language in the south is Tarahumara, Yaqui, Apache, Comanche. In the north, the language is Navajo which makes the territory a diverse and fascinating array of languages.
Later Spanish, French, English, Chinese, and other foreign languages create a mix like as in any other country. In the early records a great many Indian words, especially names and localities, found their way into the Spanish language. Many of them were modified to make them more pronounceable to the Spanish conquerors.
Spanish phonetics may affect the way names appear in genealogical records. For example, the names of your ancestor may vary from record to record in Spanish. For help in understanding name variations, see Mexico Personal Names,
Why did Mexico lose to USA?
In March 1836, Mexican forces overran the Alamo in San Antonio, Texas, achieving victory over those who had declared Texas’ independence from Mexico just a few weeks earlier. Although nearly everyone at the Alamo was killed or captured, Texas achieved independence when Sam Houston won an unlikely victory at the Battle of San Jacinto the following month.
- Mexico – which had easily won victory at the Alamo – soon faced an America that had annexed Texas and was becoming a major player on the world stage.
- How did once-dominant Mexico lose the Mexican-American War? Mexico was essentially broke.
- The country was racked by financial instability as the war began in 1846.
America’s blockade of Mexican ports worsened an already difficult situation, as Mexico couldn’t import and export goods, or levy taxes on imports. Financial and political stability was non-existent, and the presidency of Mexico changed hands several times during the war. Universal History Archive/Getty Images The Battle of Buena Vista, also known as Battle of Angostura, during the Mexican-American War in 1847. The U.S. Army’s artillery was a huge advantage in helping them defeat the much larger Mexican Army. (Credit: Universal History Archive/Getty Images) The Americans had the upper hand when it came to weapons.
Many of Mexico’s troops were outfitted with weapons that were nearly 30 years old. The country was forced to purchase old guns and ammunition in bulk from France – which had been used during the Napoleonic Wars of the early 19th century. As Peter Guardino, author of The Dead March: A History of the Mexican-American War, notes, American troops that captured these weapons were often shocked by just how outdated they were.
Those American troops were supplied with the most modern of weapons. Some of these new technologies played a deciding factor in several key battles. New, mobile horse artillery units, known as “flying artillery,” meant that American cavalry units could be more quickly and efficiently deployed during battle.
- By comparison, Mexico was so financially strapped that it often didn’t own the horses it needed for cavalry maneuvers or to move troops.
- Instead, they resorted to renting horses from campaign to campaign, rather than pay for their continual upkeep.
- Mexico could barely afford to feed its soldiers.
- Desertion among the Mexican ranks was rampant, as the government struggled to pay or even feed its troops.
This had a devastating impact on Mexican military strategy. “The principal concern they always have is ‘We have to fight this thing while we still have food, and we have to try to gain some tactical advantage,'” Guardino says. This meant that Mexico was often unable to follow up on initial victories.
- Mexican generals made some mistakes, but American generals made mistakes too,” Guardino says.
- But the Mexican general’s mistakes were always fatal, because when you’re on the margin, it turns a defeat into a disaster.” This played out most desperately for Mexico at the Battle of Buena Vista in February 1847.
Despite having nearly three times as many troops, Mexico was defeated. According to Guardino, it could have easily gone the other way. “On the last day of the battle, when the Mexicans have lost, the Americans are very relieved, they didn’t think they could survive a third day.” VIDEO: Mexican-American War America was ready to expand westward, even if it meant going to war.
- Learn how and why the Mexican-American War happened.
- Many American officers were better trained.
- Generals Winfield Scott and future president Zachary Taylor were highly skilled military strategists.
- Taylor became a national hero for his valor at Buena Vista, which earned him the nickname “Old Rough and Ready.” General Santa Anna (who also served several stints as president during the war) has been largely criticized for his decision-making skills.
As Guardino says, “Tactically, he was not a genius, although he thought he was smarter than he was. But he also wasn’t as stupid as people thought he was. He was probably about average for a 19th-century general.” The Mexican Army also suffered from rampant infighting between generals and politicians, who disagreed over the course of the war.
- The Mexican-American War also marked the military debut of a legendary group of West Point-trained junior officers who would go on to make their mark in the U.S.
- Civil War, including Robert E.
- Lee, Ulysses S.
- Grant, ‘Stonewall’ Jackson and others.
- Ultimately, Mexico had no choice but to petition for peace.
Mexican casualties in the Mexican-American War are estimated to be at least 25,000 killed or wounded. Mexico was forced to petition for peace, and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ending the war was signed in February 1848. Ending the war would allow Mexico to deal with internal issues.
Why is it called Mexico?
Fun Facts –
The state’s coat of arms portrays four principles: liberty, work, culture and nation. Liberty is represented in the upper right by a cannon firing at the Battle of Monte de las Cruces, an early victory in Mexico’s war of independence. Work is depicted by the cornfields at the bottom, as well as a shovel and mining tools. Culture is symbolized by an indigenous priest kneeling next to the Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacán, by white crosses of the Roman Catholic faith and by a large open book. Finally, above the main shield, the country is represented by its national symbol, an eagle grasping a snake above a cactus. According to legend, the Aztec’s god Huitzilopochtli directed them to build their capital city, Tenochtitlán, at the place where they saw an eagle eating a snake; later, Mexico’s capital was built on the ruins of Tenochtitlán.The name Mexico is a Náhuatl term derived from the words metztli (moon), xictli (navel or center) and co (place). Mexico’s name, therefore, means — the place in the center of the Moon –and refers to the fact that the Aztecs built Tenochtitlán in the middle of the Lake of the Moon (later called Lake Texcoco).Teotihuacán means “the place where men become gods.” Located in the northeastern part of the state, this ceremonial city features the famous Pyramid of the Sun and Pyramid of the Moon.Residents of the state are called mexiquenses, while residents of the country are known as mexicanos. All mexiquenses are mexicanos, but not all mexicanos are mexiquenses.Mexico City occupies all of the Federal District, just as the U.S. capital, Washington, occupies all of the District of Columbia. The state of Mexico partially encircles the Federal District, and the history and culture of the two regions are closely linked.Most of the state’s citizens live within Greater Mexico City, the metropolitan area that surrounds the Federal District.The Izta-Popo National Park, which straddles the border between the states of Mexico and Puebla, is the home of two of Mexico’s most famous volcanoes, Popocatépetl and Iztacíhuatl. Popocatépetl (Náhuatl for “smoky mountain”) is an active volcano, erupting as recently as 2005. Iztacíhuatl (Náhuatl for “sleeping woman”) is dormant.Juana Inés de la Cruz, a 17th-century nun who lived in the state of Mexico, is remembered for her poetry and her outspoken support of women’s rights.Many areas in the state of Mexico, such as the Valley of Cuautitlán-Texcoco, lack natural water sources. To meet the demand, the government installed a 180-kilometer (110-mile) pipeline to carry water to Mexico from the Cutzamala Dam on the Balsas River.Every November millions of monarch butterflies fly from Canada to the Monarch Butterfly Sanctuary, a wooded preserve covering parts of Mexico state and Michoacán. Tourists arrive from around the world to see the butterflies in their winter retreat.
What is a nickname for Mexico?
Why is Mexico called ‘El Tri’? – The nickname ‘El Tri’ comes from the Mexican flag, which has three distinctive colours: green, white and red. Mexico traditionally plays in jerseys comprised of these three colours.
What is the most common Mexican male name?
Popular Boy Names in Mexico – If you’re looking for a popular or trendy baby boy name from Mexico or with Latin American origins, the following were the top 10 Mexican baby names for boys in the United States in 2020. Some parents like choosing a popular name, as it’s guaranteed to fit in well with your little one’s generation.1.
Daniel. Originally from Hebrew, this name means “God is my judge.” It’s a powerful and traditional name that’s not only the most popular Mexican boy name but is also a popular name in many other places and cultures. In Mexico, it’s usually pronounced dah-nyehl.2. Mateo. Coming in second is Mateo, pronounced mah-TEH-oh, the Spanish form of Matthew.
As a Mexican boys’ name, it has stood the test of time and remains a popular staple in the country. In the United States, it had a rise in popularity in the 2010s. Matthew means “gift of Yahweh” in reference to the Hebrew god.3. David. Another staple in Mexico, David is pronounced DAH-beed in many Latin American countries.
It’s a traditional name with roots in the Hebrew language and means “beloved.” 4. Gabriel. This name is traditional in several major religions, such as Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. It means “God is my strength.” In Latin American countries, the name is typically pronounced gah-BRYEHL while rolling the R,5.
Santiago. Derived from the Spanish words for “saint” and “James,” this name may also come from a word meaning “supplanter.” You can pronounce it sahn-TYAH-goh.6. Ángel. Derived from the Greek word meaning “messenger,” this popular Mexican boys’ name refers to the heavenly beings from the Bible.
It’s pronounced AHNG-hehl.7. José. A classic Latin American name, José relates to the name Joseph, which has popular variations in several other European languages. It means “may God add to.” 8. Diego. Many believe this popular Mexican baby name is simply a shortened version of Santiago, which means “supplanter.” It’s pronounced DYEH-goh.9.
Luis. Pronounced LWEES, this Spanish boys’ name comes from the moniker Louis, which is rooted in French royal history and means “famous warrior.” 10. Juan. This simple and classic name is a strong and traditional one that means “gracious” or “merciful.” It’s a form of the English name John.
What is Mexico famous for?
What is Mexico Known For? – This is a great question! Mexico is best known for its beaches, ancient Mayan ruins, and scrumptious large portions of food. Mexico also gives countless exports to the world including tequila, coffee, peppers, and chocolate. Tecolote beach in La Paz
What is the 31 state of Mexico?
31. Tlaxcala. Tlaxcala is the smallest state in Mexico, set in the southeast-central area of the country.
How many states are in Mexico 2023?
It’s a surprise to most people that the country of Mexico is officially known as the United Mexican States, and this is because there are 32 states in Mexico, each free to govern themselves in internal affairs. Each Mexican state has its own unique attractions, from the deserts of Baja California to the tropical rainforests of Chiapas, the vibrant metropolis of Mexico City to the tranquil villages of Oaxaca.
The country’s rich history and culture is reflected in the states of Mexico. Mexico City, the political and cultural capital, is packed with historical sites such as the ancient city of Tenochtitlan and the pyramids of Teotihuacan. Visit the state of Oaxaca for its indigenous communities and traditional crafts in the state of Jalisco, which is the birthplace of tequila and famous for its mariachi music and traditional dances such as the Jarabe Tapatío.
The state of Yucatán has eye-popping Mayan ruins, such as Chichén Itzá and Uxmal, beaches and coral reefs. So, here are the 32 states in Mexico. Which are your favourites?
Is Mexico divided into 31 states plus the federal of Mexico City?
Mexico is divided into 31 states (estados) and 1 federal district (distrito federal). The capital is Mexico City. Each state is divided into townships (municipios). Each township has a president and council elected to three-year terms.
Is Mexico part of the 50 states?
The Angel of Independence, Mexico City. A country is a geographic region with a distinct national entity, political characteristics, legal jurisdiction, and defined boundaries. A country might be sovereign or occupied by another country. Mexico is a country found in North America.
It is officially known as the United Mexican States. Mexico is located between the United States and Central America, It is a federal republic that covers an area of about 770,000 sq mi and has a population of slightly more than 120 million people. Mexico is the world’s 11th most populous country and the most populous Spanish-speaking state,
Mexico, just like the United States, is made up of several states. In total, 31 states and the federal district of Mexico City combine to form the state of Mexico. The country is the fifteenth largest economy in the world. It is a member of NAFTA, OECD, and UNO.