Who is Covered? – All employees of certain enterprises having workers engaged in interstate commerce, producing goods for interstate commerce, or handling, selling, or otherwise working on goods or materials that have been moved in or produced for such commerce by any person, are covered by the FLSA.
- whose annual gross volume of sales made or business done is not less than $500,000 (exclusive of excise taxes at the retail level that are separately stated); or
- is engaged in the operation of a hospital, an institution primarily engaged in the care of the sick, the aged, or the mentally ill who reside on the premises; a school for mentally or physically disabled or gifted children; a preschool, an elementary or secondary school, or an institution of higher education (whether operated for profit or not for profit); or
- is an activity of a public agency.
Any enterprise that was covered by the FLSA on March 31, 1990, and that ceased to be covered because of the revised $500,000 test, continues to be subject to the overtime pay, child labor and recordkeeping provisions of the FLSA. Employees of firms which are not covered enterprises under the FLSA still may be subject to its minimum wage, overtime pay, recordkeeping, and child labor provisions if they are individually engaged in interstate commerce or in the production of goods for interstate commerce, or in any closely-related process or occupation directly essential to such production.
Such employees include those who: work in communications or transportation; regularly use the mails, telephones, or telegraph for interstate communication, or keep records of interstate transactions; handle, ship, or receive goods moving in interstate commerce; regularly cross State lines in the course of employment; or work for independent employers who contract to do clerical, custodial, maintenance, or other work for firms engaged in interstate commerce or in the production of goods for interstate commerce.
Domestic service workers such as day workers, housekeepers, chauffeurs, cooks, or full-time babysitters are covered if:
- their cash wages from one employer in calendar year 2010 are at least $1,700 (this calendar year threshold is adjusted by the Social Security Administration each year); or
- they work a total of more than 8 hours a week for one or more employers.
- 1 Can a 14 year old go to work?
- 2 Can 14 year olds drink coffee?
- 3 Can you drink in Amsterdam at 16?
- 4 Can a 14 year old work in Ireland?
- 5 Can you work at 14 in Finland?
- 6 What age is a minor in the Netherlands?
Can 15 year olds work in Netherlands?
15-year-olds – Children of 15 are allowed to do light work without supervision, after school and during the holidays. They are not allowed to work in a factory or operate machines.15-year-olds can work a maximum of five days a week (in Dutch). On Sundays, they can work under certain conditions (in Dutch).
Can a 14 year old go to work?
If you are 14 or 15 years old, you can only work outside of school hours. The federal youth employment requirements limit the times of day and the number of hours that you may work as well.
What can you do at 16 in the Netherlands?
The age of consent in the Netherlands for voluntary sexual relations is 16 years (Penal Law Code, art.
Can 13 year olds work UK?
Term time rules – During term time children can only work a maximum of 12 hours a week. This includes:
a maximum of 2 hours on school days and Sundays a maximum of 5 hours on Saturdays for 13 to 14-year-olds, or 8 hours for 15 to 16-year-olds
Can a 13 year old get a job in Germany?
Youth Labor Laws
Last updated: March 27, 2023
The earliest age somebody could start working in Germany is 13, with parental permission, but those options are extremely limited. Typically, the Jugendarbeitsschutzgesetz (Youth Labor Protection Laws) apply to teenagers between 15-18, and children younger than 14 are not allowed to work and are required to attend school five days per week.
- In addition, there are restrictions on the types of work that can be performed by teenagers – it cannot in any way endanger the teenager’s physical or mental health.
- Some highlights of the Jugendarbeitsshutzgesetz are: Work hours: no more than 8 hrs/day and 40 hrs/week, maximum 5 days/week.
- In the case of shift work, shifts may not exceed 10 hours per shift.
Break times: After working 4.5 hours, youth must be given a 30-minute break; after six hours, they must be given an hour break.
Night work: Youth may not perform work between 20:00 and 06:00 (with the following exceptions):Teenagers older than 16 may work until 23:00 in restaurants and bars, from 05:00 in bakeries, and from 05:00 or until 21:00 on farms.Teens older than 17 are permitted to begin work at 04:00 in bakeries.Down time: After any given work time, youths must be given at least a 12-hour break.Annual leave: In general, an employer needs to grant 25 – 30 days leave per year, but that varies with age.Teenagers are not allowed to work on Saturdays and Sundays, with some exceptions, and they must have at least two Saturdays and two Sundays per month off,
: Youth Labor Laws
Can a 14 year old work in Germany?
Are children and adolescents allowed to smoke? No. Children and teens are not to smoke or be able to buy tobacco products (cigarettes, shisha/ hookah, cigars, chewing tobacco, e-cigarettes, etc.). Not even for/on behalf of adults. Furthermore, minors must not be allowed in so-called “smoking bars” (bars inside which people can freely smoke).
Children under the age of 14 are not allowed to buy or drink alcohol. Teens who are 14 or 15 are allowed to drink beer, wine or sparkling wine only in the presence and with the permission of their parents or another person in a custodial role. Other heavy alcoholic drinks are not allowed. Adolescents aged 16 and over are allowed to buy and drink beer, wine or sparkling wine also in absence of their parents, but other -heavy- alcoholic drinks are not allowed for them either. From the 18th birthday, a person is considered an adult in Germany. Therefore, they can purchase and consume any alcoholic beverages freely.
Are children and teens allowed in bars and clubs? Whether minors can enter clubs or bars depends on age. Youth Protection Act principally differentiates between children (up to 14 years) and teens (14-18 years)- who are considered minors- and adults (18 years and over):
Children under the age of 14 are allowed in bars with an adult. If children under the age of 14 want to go to a club, their parents or another adult in a custodial role must be present. Teens aged 16 and over can also go to bars and clubs without an adult companion- but must leave by midnight (at the latest). Only adults, i.e. people who are 18 or older, can visit casinos, nightclubs and other “places with undesirable impact on minors”.
In larger cities, there are often so-called Children Discos or Teen Discos, i.e. special clubs for children and teens, where they can dance and have fun with other kids in their age. Schools sometimes also offer such events. In such spaces, there are always adults present to supervise children- and no alcohol is served.
Children under 14 can go to the cinema, but cannot remain there after 8 p.m. Teens aged 14 and over are allowed to go to the cinema and stay until 10 p.m. 16-year-olds and older teens can stay in theatres until midnight.
Moreover, children and adolescents are only allowed to watch movies approved for their age range. Look below in the section” Is there a rating regarding movies and video games suitable for minors?” to learn more about content rating and age-restriction in Germany.
- Is there a rating regarding movies and video games suitable for minors? Films and video games have a content rating: Children and teens are only allowed to consume movies and video games approved for their age group.
- Often on the product packaging and in the film ads in cinemas or magazines, one can find the age ranges for which the content is (not) suitable.
The Voluntary Self-Control of the Film Industry (“Freiwillige Selbstkontrolle der Filmwirtschaft” or FSK) is the authority responsible for evaluating cultural product and proposing its age rating. They review the content and specific scenes of a film or video game, and then decides for which age ranges the film or video game is suitable.
- There are 5 ratings: “FSK ab 0”, “FSK ab 6”, “FSK ab 12”, “FSK ab 16” and “FSK ab 18”.
- The number shows the minimum age for which the film or video game is suitable.
- For example, “FSK 12+” means that children under the age of 12 should not watch the film or video game.
- FSK 18+” means that the film is only suitable for adults.
Are children and adolescents allowed to work? Children often like to do small jobs here and there, because they can earn some extra money. However, in Germany there are laws which regulate how much a child can work according to their age. The laws in question are “Verordnung über den Kinderarbeitsschutz” (Regulation about Protection Against Child Labour”) and the “Jugendarbeitsschutzgesetz” (“Law for the Protection of Young Workers”).
Children under 13 are not allowed to work. Small and irregular help in family businesses or for neighbours are an exception. Children between 13 and 15 are allowed to do “light” work for up to 2 hours a day. However, only if their parents agree and this does not have a negative impact on school performance or their health. Exception: In agriculture, children between 13 and 15 are allowed to work for up to 3 hours a day. Children subject to mandatory schooling who are over 16 are allowed to work up to four weeks a year, if their parents agree. They can work several weeks in a row during the summer holiday or on a regular basis for a few hours, for example, delivering newspapers. Adolescents over 16 who are no longer subject to mandatory schooling, may work up to 5 days a week for 8 hours a day.
Employers who do not adhere to these rules are subject to punishment.
Can 14 year olds drink coffee?
Is it OK for teens to drink coffee? — Lucy G., Arlington, Va. When my daughter was about 14 years old, she began to ask if she could have a cup of coffee in the morning like Mom and Dad. As a scientist who studies the effects of caffeine — the ingredient in coffee that helps wake you up — on kids, I had more information available to me to inform my answer than most parents would.
Many kids and teens consume caffeine. The main source of this chemical is soda for children under 12, Even colas have lower levels of caffeine than tea or coffee, Kids and teens can also get caffeine from many foods and drinks, including chocolate, chocolate milk and iced tea, What’s more, some over-the-counter medications that kids might take, such as Excedrin, are significant sources of caffeine.
But coffee is the main source of caffeine among Americans 12 years and older. Based on my years of research, I’m confident that one daily cup of coffee won’t harm kids over age 12 — as long as they avoid all other sources of caffeine. That one cup of coffee combined with, say, a can of iced tea or soda, or a chocolate bar, could put kids over the daily limit of 100 milligrams of caffeine that doctors recommend.
- One cup of brewed coffee contains almost 100 mg; a 12-ounce cola is nearly 50 mg.) Adults should aim for no more than 400 mg of caffeine, which they could get from four cups of coffee.
- And since caffeine is in so many foods and drinks, it’s easy for kids — or grown-ups — to get more than they should without realizing it.
Having too much caffeine can have many negative effects on kids, such as putting them in a bad mood, depriving them of sleep and contributing to misbehavior, such as risk-taking and aggression, Coffee can also make some kids feel jittery, nervous and anxious or nauseated,
- It can change their heart rate and blood pressure.
- In some cases, overcaffeination may make kids feel like they’ve used illicit drugs,
- The threat to sleep might not sound like the most serious of all of these side effects to you.
- But it could be.
- The National Sleep Foundation, a nonprofit group that funds and conducts research on sleep, recommends that teens get about nine hours of sleep per night.
But studies show that on average kids get much less sleep than that. Some adults may tell kids that drinking caffeine will stunt their growth. There are two reasons some people think that. First, caffeine can decrease the amount of calcium in your bones, which people used to think would make you not grow as tall.
Second, caffeine consumed later in the day can reduce sleep. The growth hormone, which makes you grow, is released early in sleep, so the idea was that less sleep would lead to less growth. It turns out that neither of these concerns was valid. One study that followed 81 adolescents for six years found no connection between caffeine and bone density,
Another study found no association between sleep duration and growth, Based on the best science that is available, I’ve been allowing my three children to have one cup of coffee first thing in the morning once they turn 12. It is important to think about what else they’re getting with their coffee, however.
- Some of the sweet iced and flavored coffee drinks, such as Starbucks Frappuccinos, that are popular with kids have over 50 grams of sugar,
- And consuming too much added sugar can also have negative health consequences.
- Any negative effects of the caffeine they get from that morning jolt wear off long before bedtime.
But I don’t let them have any caffeine-containing products after 3 p.m. to protect their sleep. Jennifer L. Temple is an associate professor of nutrition and director of the Nutrition and Health Research Laboratory at the University of Buffalo, the State University of New York.
Is 16 legal in Germany?
Key aspects –
All Member States establish a minimum age for sexual consent. Most Member States set this between 14 and 16 years. The lowest minimum age is 14 years, set in seven Member States: Austria, Bulgaria, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Italy and Portugal, The highest is set at 18 years – in Malta, About half of the Member States apply different age limits to sexual acts between young persons. For example, in Cyprus and Italy, the law provides an exception for consensual sexual activities between persons if neither of them is under 13 years old and the age gap does not exceed three years. Some Member States provide higher age thresholds for sexual activity between a child and a recognised person of trust, authority or influence over the child.
What age is a minor in Netherlands?
Rules for starting a business as a minor This information is provided by: Netherlands Enterprise Agency, RVO In the Netherlands, if you are younger than 18 years of age, you are a minor. As a minor you need permission from your parents or legal guardians for legal actions regarding starting a business. You need permission to, for example make a purchase, borrow money, or sign a contract.
Can you drink in Amsterdam at 16?
It is illegal to sell alcohol to people under 18. This is laid down in the Licensing and Catering Act.
Can you work at mcdonalds at 13 UK?
How old do you need to be to work at McDonald’s? – You must be of school-leaving age (except for Student Work Experience opportunities). If you’re not sure on what this means, you can use the age checker in the eligibility section of our application form.
Can a 12 year old work in England?
Full-time work – Children can only start full-time work once they’ve reached the minimum school leaving age – they can then work up to a maximum of 40 hours a week. Once someone reaches 16, you may need to pay them through PAYE, Once someone reaches 18, adult employment rights and rules then apply. In England, a young person must be in part-time education or training until they’re 18.
Can you get a job if you’re 13?
The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) sets wage, hours worked, and safety requirements for minors (individuals under age 18) working in jobs covered by the statute, The rules vary depending upon the particular age of the minor and the particular job involved.
As a general rule, the FLSA sets 14 years old as the minimum age for employment, and limits the number of hours worked by minors under the age of 16. Also, the FLSA generally prohibits the employment of a minor in work declared hazardous by the Secretary of Labor (for example, work involving excavation, driving, and the operation of many types of power-driven equipment).
The FLSA contains a number of requirements that apply only to particular types of jobs (for example, agricultural work or the operation of motor vehicles ) and many exceptions to the general rules (for example, work by a minor for his or her parents ).
- Each state also has its own laws relating to employment, including the employment of minors.
- If state law and the FLSA overlap, the law which is more protective of the minor will apply.
- Posting requirements : Nonagricultural employers must also post the Labor Department-issued Minimum Wage Poster listing minimum age requirements in a prominent place at the worksite.
The following links will help in determining whether a particular job is covered by the FLSA, whether any special conditions apply, and obtaining additional information, including state law, relating to the employment of minors. Child labor laws vary from state to state.
Can a 14 year old work in Ireland?
Working – Under the Protection of Young Persons (Employment) Act 1996 employers cannot employ children under age 16 in regular full-time jobs. Children under age 14 cannot be employed. Children aged 14 and 15 may be employed as follows:
Doing light work during the school holidays – they must have at least 21 days off work during this timeAs part of an approved work experience or educational programme where the work is not harmful to their health, safety or developmentIn film, cultural, advertising work or sport under licences issued by the government.
Children aged 15 may do 8 hours a week light work in school term time. The maximum working week for children outside school term time is 35 hours or up to 40 hours if they are on approved work experience. The maximum working week for children aged 16 and 17 is 40 hours with a maximum of 8 hours a day.
What is the legal drinking age in Germany?
In 21 Member States ( Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom ), children cannot purchase alcohol. Belgium, Denmark and Germany set 16 years as the minimum age for purchasing beverages containing less than 1.2 % of distilled alcohol and 18 years for buying spirits (more than 1.2 % of distilled alcohol). Sweden set the minimum age for purchasing beverages with more than 3.5 % of alcohol at 20 years. The minimum age to purchase alcohol in Cyprus and Malta is 17 years; in Luxemburg, it is 16 years. In Austria, purchasing alcohol is regulated at the regional level. There are two different age requirements – either 16 or 18 years – depending on the region and the percentage of alcohol involved.
Can you work at 14 in Finland?
Concluding and terminating an employment contract – An employer may hire a person in full-time employment, when the employee has reached the age of 15 and completed the basic education syllabus or if the employee has not completed the basic education syllabus they are turning 17 during the current calendar year.
- During the school year, the daily working hours of an employee completing the basic education syllabus may not exceed seven hours on days off from school and two hours on school days.
- The length of the school day and working hours must not exceed eight hours and the weekly working hours may not exceed 12 hours.
An adolescent whose 14th birthday is in the current calendar year may only work for pay with permission from his/her guardian. Occupational safety and health authorities can, in special circumstances, permit children under the age of 14 to work temporarily as performers or assistants in artistic or cultural performances or other similar events.
An employment contract should always be executed in writing, although even a verbal agreement is legally binding. A person who has reached the age of 15 may conclude and terminate his/her employment contract himself/herself. For a young person under the age of 15, the employment contract may be signed by his/her guardian or by himself/herself with the guardian’s consent.
A young worker’s guardian is entitled to cancel the young worker’s employment contract if considered necessary because of the education, development or health of the young worker.
Can a 14 year old work in Switzerland?
In Switzerland, the statutory minimum working age is 15. In some exceptional cases, however (messenger services, light work, cultural, artistic and sporting events or advertising), young people from the age of 13 may be employed.
Can a 15 year old work in Denmark?
Employment of young workers In Denmark, an employee must have turned 18 to enter into an employment contract that is legally binding. Specific regulations apply with regard to working hours, daily breaks, weekly days off, tasks allowed to be performed, etc., in cases where a person under 18 is to be employed.
How many hours can a 15 year old work in the Netherlands?
Working time, night work and rest periods for teenagers between 15 and 18 – If you hire teenagers between 15 and 18 who are no longer subject to compulsory full-time schooling under national law, they can work up to 8 hours a day and 40 hours a week.
Teenage employees cannot work between 10 pm and 6 am or between 11 pm and 7 am, Some EU countries allow derogations to these limits under exceptional conditions related to the nature of the work (shipping or fisheries sectors, armed forces or police, hospitals or similar establishments, cultural, artistic, sports or advertising activities).
For each 24-hour period, you must guarantee a minimum rest period of 12 consecutive hours and a minimum of 2 days for each 7-day period (consecutively, if possible). If national derogations allow it, you might not have to give these rest periods to your young employees working in the following sectors:
shipping or fisheries sector armed forces or police hospitals or similar establishment agriculture tourism industry or in the hotel, restaurant, and cafe sector
If you hire teenagers whose work is split up over the day, derogations to the minimum rest periods may also be possible. : Teenage workers in the EU: Age limits & working time – Your Europe
What age is a minor in the Netherlands?
In the Netherlands, if you are younger than 18 years of age, you are a minor.
What is the minimum wage in Netherlands for 14 year olds?
In the Netherlands employers must pay their employees aged 21 and up at least the statutory minimum wage and the statutory minimum holiday allowance. For employees aged 15 to 20, the youth minimum wage (in Dutch) applies. For employees 13 and 14 years there is no minimum wage. You agree together on the amount of the wage.
What is the legal age in the Netherlands?
What is the government’s policy on child brides and forced marriages? The Netherlands does not recognise child marriages. If a married asylum seeker turns out to be under the age of 18, they are considered an unaccompanied minor and are placed under the guardianship of Nidos by a court order.