How To Cook A Spiral Ham

How long does it take to cook a fully cooked spiral ham?

How Long to Heat a Pre-Cooked Spiral Ham – If you’re starting with a pre-cooked ham, you’ll only need to cook your ham long enough to heat it all the way through. Total cook time will depend on the size of the ham, your cooking method, and the cooking temperature. How To Cook A Spiral Ham

How do you cook spiral ham without drying it out?

How To Cook A Spiral Ham If you’re looking to make the most classic Easter dinner this year, you can’t get much more impressive than a glazed spiral ham. While this staple centerpiece may seem daunting, don’t worry—with our top tips, you’ll have a perfectly moist ham complete with a delicious homemade glaze ready to go in on time.

  1. Our homemade bourbon glaze is made from staple pantry ingredients in this recipe, but makes for the perfect tangy-sweet compliment to our moist ham.
  2. Pair this with our favorite Easter sides for a complete, classic dinner everyone will remember.
  3. Baking a ham for the first time? Check out our top tips on perfecting this centerpiece.

How long should I cook my spiral ham? Since spiral hams are already cooked, you’re really just warming it through, infusing it with flavor, and crisping the edges. To avoid drying it out, add water to the bottom of your roasting pan, place the ham on a baking rack above the water, and cover it with foil.

You’re going to want to bake until it’s 140° in the center (this should take 10 to 12 minutes per pound). Uncover it in the last 30 minutes when you’re glazing it, so those edges get caramelized. Another option for an extra-moist ham is to cook it in a slow cooker, Simply cook on low for 4 to 5 hours or on high for 2 to 3 hours, basting with the marinade every 45 minutes.

Glazing a spiral ham. Making your own glaze is super easy, and so much more delicious than a store-bought packet. Our recipe below uses only a handful of pantry ingredients and a mixing bowl. We think it’s bomb, but if you’re not a fan of bourbon, try this classic brown sugar glaze instead.

  1. How to cut a spiral ham: It might sound tough to cut into a bone-in ham, but it’s actually very easy.
  2. Just turn the ham on its bottom and cut around the bone.
  3. The ham on the outside will fall away in slices.
  4. Check out our guide on how to carve a ham for step-by-step instructions! Side ideas.
  5. If you’re serving this as the main to your holiday dinner, you can’t go wrong with a classic potato side, from creamy mashed potatoes, cheesy scalloped potatoes, or even mashed potato casserole,

Paired with garlic-Parmesan roasted carrots, green beans almondine, and cheesy baked asparagus for the ultimate holiday spread. Got leftovers? Leftover ham is basically refrigerator gold. Try making a legit croque madame for your next brunch, use it to amp up a batch of crescent rolls, or chop it up and throw it in your next batch of scalloped potatoes,

  • 1 (8 to 10-lb.) whole cured, smoked, bone-in ham
  • 1/2 c. apricot jam
  • 1/4 c. light brown sugar
  • 2 tbsp. bourbon (optional)
  • 1 tbsp. Dijon mustard
  • 1/2 tsp. crushed red pepper flakes
  • Nutrition Information
  • Per Serving (Serves 12)
  • Calories 663 Fat 35 g Saturated fat 12 g Trans fat 0 g Cholesterol 201 mg Sodium 3555 mg Carbohydrates 26 g Fiber 0 g Sugar 9 g Protein 56 g Vitamin D 2 mcg Calcium 30 mg Iron 3 mg Potassium 1102 mg
  • Note: The information shown is Edamam’s estimate based on available ingredients and preparation. It should not be considered a substitute for a professional nutritionist’s advice. Powered by

Is a spiral ham already cooked?

Preparation Genuine Smithfield and Country Hams (Cooked) If you have selected a fully cooked ham, further preparation is unnecessary. Simply slice and serve. If you prefer, reheat in aluminum foil on low heat (275 degrees) until slightly warm. Genuine Smithfield and Country Hams (Uncooked) Uncooked Hams require soaking before cooking since these hams are dry cured.

Soak Genuine Smithfield Hams 36 hours or longer. Soak Country Hams 24 hours or longer. Changing the water every several hours during soaking will aid in drawing salt from the ham. After soaking, wash ham thoroughly in warm water. Use a stiff brush to scrub ham thoroughly and remove all pepper and surface mold, if present. Mold is very common on these uncooked hams and is no way injurious (like aged cheeses mold in the aging process).

Spiral Sliced Hams Our Spiral Sliced Hams are fully cooked. These hams are shipped frozen and will arrive frozen or partially thawed. If you choose to warm your spiral sliced ham, it should be completely thawed. We recommend thawing your Spiral Sliced Ham in the refrigerator for approximately 5 hours per pound.

A Half ham would take approximately two days to thaw in the refrigerator and a Whole ham would take approximately 4 days to thaw in the refrigerator. Hardwood Smoked Hams Our Hardwood Smoked Hams should also be completely thawed before cooking. These hams are shipped frozen and will arrive frozen or partially thawed.

We recommend thawing your Hardwood Smoked Ham in the refrigerator for 2 to 3 days. How to Cook Genuine Smithfield and Country Hams (Uncooked) Oven-Cooking

Wrap in heavy duty aluminum foil, forming a vessel with the bottom layer. Add 4 to 5 cups of water within the foil and place in oven with a tray or pan underneath for support. Carefully join the edges of the aluminum foil making sure the edges are closed. Preheat oven to 300 degrees. Once oven temperature reaches 300 degrees, bake approximately 3 hours or 20 minutes per pound. Using a meat thermometer, check for a 163 degree internal temperature in the thickest part of the ham. Remove ham from oven when correct internal temperature is reached and let cool to room temperature for one hour. Remove skin and fat as desired. If a sweet coating is desired, sprinkle the fat side with brown sugar and bread crumbs and bake in a 400 degree oven until brown (approximately 15 minutes).

* Important: Do not open oven door until the cook cycle is completed. Water-Cooking

Place in a large roasting pan, skin-side down and cover with cool water. Bring water to 190 degrees (not quite simmering). Cook to 163 degrees internal temperature (or about 25 minutes per pound). Add water to keep ham covered. Take ham from the pan and while warm, remove the skin and fat as desired. If a sweet coating is desired, sprinkle the fat side with brown sugar and bread crumbs and bake in a 400 degree oven until brown (approximately 15 minutes).

Serving Tips

The flavor of a Smithfield or Country Ham is best when served at room temperature. These hams can be served in a variety of ways. Sliced ham is delicious on biscuits or pan-fried and served with “red-eye gravy.” Use pieces of ham or a piece of bone in soup, or to season beans or vegetables. Red-Eye Gravy – Add one half cup water or black coffee to skillet in which ham slices were fried. Simmer for a few minutes. Serve over fried ham slices with biscuits.

Spiral Sliced Hams Your spiral sliced ham is fully cooked and can be gently heated or served chilled. To heat this ham, heat oven to 275 degrees. Remove packaging, reserving liquid. Place ham cut-side down on a large sheet of foil in a roasting pan. Pour reserved liquid over ham and wrap completely with foil.

  • Warm ham in oven for 10 to 12 minutes per pound.
  • Do not overheat.
  • Hardwood Smoked Hams 1.
  • Heat oven to 325 degrees F.
  • Remove all packaging materials and place ham on its side, fat side up, on rack in shallow roasting pan; cover loosely with aluminum foil.2.
  • Heat approximately 15 to 20 minutes per pound until heated through.3.

Remove ham from oven and let stand, covered, 20 minutes before serving for whole hams, or 10-15 minutes before serving for half hams. Glazing Ham Remove ham from oven when heated through. Increase oven temperature to 400 degrees F. Uncover ham, brush or spoon on your glaze over ham surface.

  • Return to oven, uncovered, and heat 10 minutes.
  • How to Carve To bring out the delicate flavor of your Smithfield or country ham, you must slice it very thin, using a very sharp knife (preferably long and narrow).
  • If you have selected a boneless ham, just begin slicing at the small end of the ham and serve.

Smoked Hams are carved in a similar manner, but may be sliced slightly thicker, if preferred. Caution: Please be careful while slicing ham to avoid personal injury. Bone-in Genuine Smithfield or Country Ham There are three easy steps to elegantly carving your Bone-In Ham:

With ham on a flat surface, dressed side up, begin about two inches from the hock (or small end) and make the first cut straight through to the bone. Slant the knife slightly for each succeeding cut. Slice down to and partially around the bone. Decrease slant as the slices become larger. Eventually the bone formation will cause you to cut smaller slices at different angles.

Spiral Sliced Hams

Start by cutting slices off the large (butt) end of the ham. After a few slices you’ll run into the first of the spiral cuts. Then make cuts along the natural seams of the ham’s surface parallel to the bone. There are three easy steps remaining: Cut along the natural seam on the top (as it faces you), extending knife point as far back into the ham as you wish to remove slices and then down and to the left, parallel to the bone, exiting at the natural seam. Then make a second cut along the top (where the first section was removed) parallel to the bone, around to the right and exiting at the natural seam. To remove the final section, cut down to the right, and parallel to the bone until the section is free.

Storing Ham Genuine Smithfield and Country Hams Uncooked country hams may be safely stored hanging in a cool dry area at room temperature. Genuine Smithfield hams will keep for up to two years and country hams will keep for up to six months without deterioration.

Uncooked country hams may be safely stored hanging in a cool dry area. Smithfield Hams will keep for up to one year and Country Hams will keep for up to six months from date of manufacture without deterioration. Cooked country hams, Genuine Smithfield hams, and unopened slices will keep at least 6 weeks under refrigeration.

Cooked hams may be frozen; however, we recommend removal of the bone before freezing. Gourmet slices should be consumed within a few days of opening. Spiral Sliced and Hardwood Smoked Hams

Spiral Sliced and Hardwood Smoked hams will be shipped frozen and should be refrigerated or re-frozen upon receipt. Spiral Sliced Bone-In Hams may be kept refrigerated for seven to ten days. The Genuine Virginia Boneless Spiral Ham and the Hardwood Smoked hams may be kept refrigerated for up to two weeks. Spiral Sliced hams and Hardwood Smoked hams can be kept frozen three months and will retain their maximum flavor.

Dry Cured Bacon

Dry Cured Bacon may be refrigerated for up to two months and frozen for up to six months to retain maximum flavor.

For more great ways to enjoy your ham, see our recipes online here. Choosing a Ham Not sure which of our distinctively flavored gourmet hams your tastes would prefer? Follow this simple guide for how to buy a ham

Should I cover a spiral ham when cooking?

Be sure to cover the ham with foil or a lid that tightly fits a roasting pan. The oven is what is considered ‘dry heat’ so keeping moisture ‘IN’ means covering the meat. Throw out the glaze packet!

Do you put water in the pan when cooking a ham?

Avoid These 9 Common Mistakes with Your Easter Ham Any holiday that revolves around an centerpiece dish (ahem, turkey) can be stressful. Easter is all about the ham. Unfortunately, preparing this piece of meat isn’t always straightforward, so we asked senior food editor Dawn Perry for a little advice.

  1. No matter what recipe you’re using—from a time-tested family roast to our April issue’s —avoid these common mistakes people make with Easter’s most popular centerpiece. #### 1.
  2. A Ham Is a Ham Is a Ham It’s Easter, not just another Sunday meal.
  3. Call your butcher to reserve a good-quality smoked bone-in ham instead of buying from the supermarket.
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If that doesn’t work, there’s still time to order from (they’ll even ship overnight). #### 2. No Bone, No Problem Whether it’s bone-in or partially deboned, order a ham with some kind of bone in it, It will give you a sense of where to take the ham’s temperature to determine doneness (see below), plus, that leftover bone will bring a soup or pot of beans to the next level.

#### 4. Your Ham Doesn’t Need a Bath Gently cook the ham with at least 1/2 cup of water, wine, or stock in the pan and cover it with foil to make sure the ham won’t dry out (until you’ve applied the glaze—then, the foil comes off). #### 5. The Glaze Packet is Your Friend

Give your ham some homemade love! Avoid the gnarly packet of goopy pre-made glaze and make your own instead, Think something sweet, something spicy (even as simple as brown sugar and black pepper). Brush the glaze on toward the end of cooking for a quintessential sweet-and-salty experience.

  1. 6. Ready, Set, Glaze! Don’t glaze your ham right away.
  2. To avoid burning it, apply it 15-30 minutes before taking it out of the oven, and take a peek once in a while to make sure it’s not burning. #### 7.
  3. Eep the Temp Low and Slow Yes, you want to heat your ham up at a low, even temperature (say, 300°) but to get that irresistible crust, you need to crank it up a notch.

You want the glaze to bubble and caramelize, so if that’s not happening turn the oven up to around 450° and keep an eye on it until the shellac starts to harden a bit. #### 8. Trust Your Recipe’s Timing Hams are often already cooked (they’re usually smoked and boiled or baked), so don’t go past an internal temperature of 145 degrees-it’ll dry out.

  1. Stick a thermometer deep into the ham near the bone to get an accurate reading.
  2. Take the ham out of the oven when it’s at 135-140 degrees, and it will get those extra couple degrees when it’s resting. #### 9.
  3. Dig Right In For the ham to be juicy, it needs some time to rest like any other piece of meat.

Let it sit for about 20 minutes once it’s out of the oven. Then, dig in. : Avoid These 9 Common Mistakes with Your Easter Ham

Should I wrap my spiral ham in foil?

How to cook a spiral ham – First, consider putting a ham glaze not only on the outside of your ham but also between the slices, too; this will add tremendous flavor. I usually just throw something together (it almost always involves jam and adobo sauce, I just can’t resist that spicy-sweet combo, even on ham) but I’ve put together a simple ham glaze recipe for you in case you need one.

  1. You don’t really cook a spiral ham, you simply reheat it.
  2. When it comes to “cooking” your ham, wrap it lightly with foil while it’s baking.
  3. This will keep the juices in and prevent them from evaporating while your ham is in the oven.
  4. You can occasionally open the tinfoil and baste the ham with the juices, too, which only helps keep it more moist.

Sometimes cooks will add some water, juice, or even 7-UP to the bottom of the pan to help keep as much moisture in the oven as possible. I’ve found that it’s not necessary, as the tinfoil does a great job of keeping the moisture in. Feel free to add that step if you like though, as it won’t hurt anything to add it. How To Cook A Spiral Ham

How do you keep a ham juicy when baking?

Tips for Success –

  • Make sure you use a fully-cooked smoked ham.
  • In order to keep ham moist, bake it covered with aluminum foil. You’ll need to add water in the bottom of the pan for it to create steam as it bakes to keep the ham moist.
  • Use a roasting pan with a rack. You’ll need to add water to the pan and place a roasting rack on top so that the ham does not touch the water.
  • To feed about 16 to 20 people, use a 8-10 pound half-ham. If you want to double it, don’t use a whole ham. I’d recommend using two half-hams instead so that it doesn’t take too long to bake or reheat.

Should I soak a spiral ham?

How to Reheat a Fully Cooked Ham – ATK recommends a bone-in spiral sliced ham with natural juices added, rather than “water-added.” Natural juices will produce a more savory and less salty ham.

To start, soak your ham in a warm water bath (100°F) Be careful not to remove the original packaging before you immerse the ham in water. A water bath will bring the ham up to room temperature (68-72°F) faster than simply letting it sit on the counter. With the internal temperature at, or near room temperature you’ll ensure that (when roasted) heat is distributed evenly throughout, as well as limit the time the ham is exposed to the hot and dry environment of the oven. Soak for 45 minutes, then dump and replenish the water and continue to soak for 45 more minutes. After 90 minutes, remove from the water and cut away the original packaging. Move the ham to an oven bag. Using an oven bag will shave time off of the cooking process, and help preserve the juice inside of the ham. Place in the bag (cut side down), tie off the top and poke a few holes in the top of the bag. This is an important step! If you forget to poke holes in the bag, it may explode while in the oven. Move the ham to a 13×9 inch pan and place in a preheated oven set to 250°F. Roasting at a lower temperature will allow for a more gentle heat transfer that will not squeeze too much moisture out of the meat. Monitor the internal temperature using a leave-in oven probe thermometer, Remove from the oven when the internal temperature reaches 100°F.

Always verify the temperature of the thermal center of your meat by spot-checking in multiple areas with an instant-read thermometer like the Thermapen ® Mk4,

While the ham is heating up, prepare your glaze. Combine 3/4 cup maple syrup, 1/2 cup orange marmalade, 2 TBS unsalted butter, 1/4 TSP cinnamon, 1 TBS dijon mustard and 1 TSP of ground pepper. Mix all of the ingredients in a saucepan and simmer until the mixture reduces by half. How To Cook A Spiral Ham Once you’ve pulled the ham from the oven (100°F), peel down the oven bag and coat with 1/3 of the glaze. Return to the oven (set to 350°F) and let cook for 10 minutes. This last blast of high heat will help to caramelize the glaze and build up a nice crust on the outside of the ham. Remove from the oven after 10 minutes, coat with another 1/3 of the glaze then tent with foil and let rest for 30 minutes. The internal temperature should creep up to near 120°F—perfect for serving with your favorite sides and a batch of homemade buttermilk biscuits.

A few tablespoons of the drippings can be mixed with the final 1/3rd of the glaze to make a delicious gravy. Drizzle some over the ham, or enjoy some on a biscuit. If you’ve got your heart set on a Honey Baked Ham™, disregard the recipe above. Honey Baked Hams are made to be enjoyed at room temperature.

  • Any further heating might dry out the meat and ruin a costly dinner.
  • If you really want a warm ham, we believe the ATK method is the best way to heat this ham too.
  • But, we like this brand served according to the processor’s recommendation—room temperature.
  • The company recommends allowing the ham to stand at room temperature one half hour before serving.

Up to one hour is probably ok but we recommend that the uneaten portion is refrigerated as soon as possible after the meal. Buyer’s clubs sell other brands of bargain-priced spiral sliced ham. Instructions included with these hams often advise heating in an oven set to 325°F for 10-12 minutes per pound.

Yikes! While there’s no indication of a desired internal temperature, instructions simply dictate that you “not overheat.” Our experience is that simply popping one of these buyer club hams into the oven will leave you with chewy, dried out, separating slices of ham and a pan full of liquid. If the processor’s instructions that come with the ham advise heating, we strongly recommend that you not eat the ham at room temperature.

Doing so could be a food safety issue. However, if your ham is fully cooked and ready-to-eat, we agree with ATK and suggest you ditch the packaged instructions and go with the recipe above. The low-heat process and homemade glaze will trump anything included with the packaging and will guarantee this year’s ham is moist and flavorful.

Is spiral ham better than regular ham?

What Is Spiral Ham? – Last but certainly not least, spiral ham is a delicacy around Easter, Christmas and any other holiday that calls for a centerpiece. Spiral ham can be made boneless, but butchers typically create a spiral ham cut by slicing a bone-in ham into one big spiral shape.

How do you know when a spiral ham is done?

Cover with foil and place in the oven. Use a meat thermometer and heat to an internal temperature of 140°F. ** Ham is fully cooked, so be careful not to overheat as this can result in dryness.

How do you know when spiral ham is done without a thermometer?

Checking Doneness When checking doneness it can be accomplished in basically the same manner for whatever cooking method you are using. There are several methods that can be used, but some are more accurate than others. Shown below are the methods that can be used.

  • Thermometer: Using a thermometer is the most accurate method for testing doneness.
  • A regular meat thermometer is inserted before placing the ham in the oven or exposing it to the heat source that will be used.
  • It remains there throughout the cooking time.
  • An instant read thermometer is used to check for the proper temperature once the ham has been cooked.

The ham is taken away from the heat source and the instant read thermometer is immediately inserted into the thickest part of the ham and it will give a temperature reading in approximately 15 seconds. When inserting a thermometer, care must be taken that the thermometer is not touching a bone or area of fat to ensure an accurate reading.

Ham slices, because of their thickness, are more difficult to check for doneness using a thermometer. If the slice is thick enough, it can be inserted from the side into the middle of the slice to get an internal reading. When using a regular meat thermometer, check the temperature when it is getting towards the end of the cooking time.

Remove the ham from the heat source when it reaches an internal temperature that is 5 degrees lower than the desired doneness temperature. If using a instant read thermometer, remove the ham from the heat source when it is getting close to the end of the cooking time and check the temperature. The ham should be left standing for 10 to 15 minutes before carving. During the standing time it will continue to cook and the temperature should rise to the appropriate internal temperature. This will ensure that the ham will not be overcooked. Ham slices can be left to stand for a shorter period of time, approximately 5 minutes.

Internal Temperatures for Proper Doneness
Fully Cooked Hams 140° F
Uncooked or Partially Cooked Hams 160° F
Fresh Hams 160° F – 170° F
If the proper temperature is not reached, the meat should be returned to the heat source for further cooking.



Another method for testing doneness is to pierce the ham with a meat fork or the tip of a knife. The meat should show little resistance by easily sliding in and out of the ham if it is done properly.



Bone-in hams can be checked for doneness by visually looking at it as it is being cooked. The meat will begin to separate from the bones and the large bones will move easily as the ham gets done.

What temperature should a spiral ham be cooked at?

Instructions for the Grill –

  1. Place the spiral ham cut side facing down in a disposable aluminum pan.
  2. Add glaze to the outside of the ham and in between the slices (for more moisture retention).
  3. Set up your grill for indirect grilling.
  4. Cook the ham at a grill temperature of 325°F for 12-13 minutes per pound, or until it reaches 140°F. A 10-pound spiral ham will take about 2 hours.
  5. Baste the ham every 20-30 minutes of grilling.
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How to cook a spiral cut ham from Costco?

Cooking Instructions – I go over the cooking instructions and show myself preparing the ham in my video review, so you can watch that video on this page or click here to watch it on YouTube if you’d prefer to watch a video rather than reading through the cooking instructions.

  1. To make the ham, you preheat your oven to 275 degrees Fahrenheit, unwrap your ham and place it in a shallow baking dish with the flat side down and the round side up.
  2. Next, cover the ham tightly with aluminum foil.
  3. Then you cook the ham for 12-15 minutes per pound.
  4. Cooking the ham should take about two hours total, but it depends how big your ham is.

To make the glaze, you combine the glaze package with 45 mL of water in a saucepan and bring it to a boil. Once your ham has been in the oven for about two hours, remove your ham and pour the glaze over top and brush it in between the slices as well. The glaze mix for the Spiral Sliced Ham comes as a powder that you mix with water. Once your Costco ham is glazed, turn your oven up to 425 degrees Farenheit and put your ham back in the oven uncovered for eight to 10 minutes, then let the ham sit out of the oven for about 10 minutes before serving. The ham can be cooked with or without the glaze.

How do you calculate cooking time for a ham?

Uncooked and Boneless Ham – Cooking Temperature and Time: Depending on the cut, this ham can weigh anywhere between two and eight pounds. For the Shoulder Roll cut, the ham will weigh between two and four pounds and should cook at 325°F for 35 to 40 minutes per pound.

Should spiral ham be room temperature before cooking?

Why is ham so often saved only for holiday meals? A beautiful pink ham, with a sweet glaze baked into its criss-crossed nooks and crannies, can be a delicious year-round meal that’s also cost-effective when you factor in all those leftovers (think Pasta Parmesan With Ham, Ham and Broccoli Strata, and Bacon Potato Cheese Waffles substituting ham in for the bacon).

And that’s not even considering how easy they are to prepare. What is a ham, anyway? In essence, it’s a pig’s back leg, the shank end being closest to the ankle and the butt further up, closer to its back. A whole ham can weigh over 15 pounds, which, if you calculate 1/2 lb. to 3/4 lb. per person for bone-in hams and 1/2 lb.

for boneless hams, is far too much meat for the average family. For practical reasons, butchers and grocers typically split the ham into two halves: the shank with a higher ratio of fat and easier to carve, and the butt end leaner and more challenging to carve.

Before purchasing a ham, it’s important to be clear on which sort you’d like, as there are three types at your supermarket or butcher’s shop. The first is “fresh” ham, which is an uncured and uncooked leg of pork, in appearance, texture and flavor much like a pork roast. Second, cured ham is a leg of pork that has been brined or cured with a dry rub and hung to dry.

These have a deep rosy color and can be sold pre-cooked or may require cooking. (To know for sure, check the label as hams that need cooking must be labeled with minimum internal temperature requirements and cooking instructions.) The last sort of ham is a cured and smoked ham, which is simply a cured ham that has also been smoked.

  • While baking a show-stopping ham is simple and easy, be sure to leave yourself plenty of time to bring the ham to room temperature for an hour (for even heat distribution) as well as up to 2 1/2 hours to bake it long, low and slow, depending on your ham’s size.
  • And don’t jump the gun with the glaze; if you apply it before the ham has fully warmed, it can make the meat unappetizingly dry.

Increasing the heat at the end and basting the meat every 10 minutes with a decadent bourbon-butter glaze results in a beautifully burnished ham that’s moist and flavorful.

What happens if you don’t cover ham with foil?

3. Not Covering Your Ham – If you don’t cover your ham while cooking it will quickly dry out. Instead: Put some aluminum foil over your ham while it’s cooking. It is recommended that the ham is covered for at least half of the cooking process and only removed during the last half when you glaze it.

Do you serve spiral ham hot or cold?

Spiral-cut hams, which are fully cooked, are best served cold because heating sliced hams can dry out the meat and cause the glaze to melt. If reheating is desired, heat to 140 °F (165 °F for leftover spiral-cut hams or ham that has been repackaged in any other location outside the plant).

Do you put oil in the pan when cooking ham?

Country Ham Slices: –

Country ham can have some of its saltiness removed by allowing it to soak in water for a period of time. Place the ham in the skillet and cover with cold water. Allow it to seat for 6 to 8 hours.

A faster method can also be used where the ham is placed in the skillet with 1 to 2 cups of hot water and allow it to simmer for 1 to 2 minutes.

Place the slices in a single layer with enough room between them so that they are not crowded, this will allow pieces to cooked and brown more evenly. Fry over medium high heat. If there is a sufficient amount of fat on the piece of ham no oil will need to be added to the pan. If the slices are lean, add a little oil to the pan before heating.

Turn slices when first side is browned.

Slices are done when both sides are nicely browned.

Is it better to cook ham low and slow?

Ham is best reheated low and slow, and heating it uncovered means that the moisture in the ham evaporates, leaving it dry and unappetizing. → Follow this tip: Place the ham cut-side down in a baking pan. Cover the ham with foil or use a baking bag to heat up the ham until it’s time to glaze.

Why do you put ham in water?

How to Choose and Cook a City Ham – Q: What is a ham? At its most basic, a ham is the rear leg of an animal (yes, you’ve got hams, too, and nice ones, at that!), though, colloquially, it’s used specifically to refer to the cured hind leg of a pig, starting at the shank (that’s your ankle) and ending at the rump (that’s your, well, you can figure that out).

  • Curing is the process of preserving meat through the addition of chemicals such as sugar, salt, nitrates, and/or smoke.
  • Aside from undergoing significant textural and flavor changes, cured meats also gain increased resistance to bacteria and spoilage.
  • Indeed, this is the reason why curing arose in the first place in the days before refrigeration.

That curing makes hams taste delicious is just a happy side effect. But there’s more than one way to cure a ham! Q: What’s the difference between a city ham and a country ham? Hams can be cured either via dry-curing in a salt rub or by soaking in a brine.

City hams comprise the majority of hams made in the US. These are produced either by submerging the ham in a saltwater solution for several days or weeks until the salt penetrates deeply into the meat, or—as is more common with inexpensive hams—injecting the brine directly into the meat for much faster penetration. They are often smoked, and usually sold fully cooked. Country hams are cured with a dry rub, much in the manner of an Italian prosciutto, and, like prosciutto, they are hung to dry in carefully temperature- and humidity-controlled environments. During this phase (which lasts months), they lose a great deal of their moisture, their flavor is concentrated, and a characteristic sweet, mildly funky aroma permeates the meat. Country hams can be smoked or unsmoked, but are sold raw unless otherwise indicated on the labeling. Fresh hams are the raw rear legs of a pig. They can be cooked just like a pork shoulder, or cured at home.

Q: Country versus city: Which one is better? It’s apples to oranges, really. I personally love both. A maple-glazed city ham. Photograph: Vicky Wasik When most people think of ham, they’re thinking of city hams. These are the moist, pink hams that you eat in thick slabs, served spiral-cut at the holidays.

  1. However, in certain parts of the country (mainly Virginia, Tennessee, and really all through Appalachia), country hams are more prominent.
  2. These hams are served very thinly sliced, as they tend to be drier, tougher, and saltier than a city ham.
  3. If you’ve never tried a country ham, be warned: They are not for everyone.

Even when properly prepared, they are intensely salty, and much drier than a brined city ham. They are also much more difficult to prepare, requiring several days of soaking to make them palatable. Country-ham devotees can be a zealous bunch, but make sure that you know what you’re getting yourself into before you commit to one for the holidays.

Q: How much ham should I buy? When buying a ham, you want to aim for between a half pound and three-quarters of a pound per person for bone-in hams, and a half pound or less for boneless hams. Q: I’ve noticed that some labels for ham say “water added.” What does this mean, and what should I look for on the label for the best product? The water content of a city ham, or, more precisely, the amount of water added to a city ham, can have a profound impact on its flavor.

Aside from taking on water during the brining phase, hams are often injected with additional brine before they’re packaged in a vacuum-sealed pouch. The idea is to bulk up the ham’s shipping weight, thereby increasing profit margins. Though a ham with lots of water added may sell for less money per pound than a no-water-added ham, you’re really paying for that extra water weight.

“Ham” indicates a cured pork leg that is at least 20.5% protein with no added water. “Ham with natural juices” is the next level down. It needs to be only 18.5% protein, and generally has about 7 or 8% added water. “Ham, water added” must contain at least 17% protein, and can contain at most 10% added water by weight. “Ham and water product” can contain any amount of added water. Check the label to see how much water is actually added to it (the ham we tasted from Cook’s had a whopping 23% added liquid!).

“the more water is added to a ham, the less “hammy” it’ll be.” As far as how these different products taste, it should be obvious that the more water is added to a ham, the less “hammy” it’ll be. We tasted the four different types of ham side by side to confirm.

Tasters nearly unanimously placed the hams with the least added water at the top, and the ones with the most added water at the bottom. “Ham and water product” had a spongy texture and an unpleasantly wet mouthfeel. Plain old “ham,” on the other hand, was meaty and moist. Q: Are boneless hams better or worse than bone-in? A boneless ham is just that: a ham from which the bone has been removed, after which the ham is tightly pressed into an oval-shaped package.

Salt will break down some of the proteins in meat muscle, allowing them to reconnect and link with each other. That’s why a boneless ham still appears as a solid piece of meat, despite having been molded into that shape. Often, extra ground ham will be added to fill in any spaces left by the bones, though the package must indicate whether this was done.

Although boneless hams are far easier to carve (just slice and serve!), the act of removing the bone seems to rob the ham of some flavor. Whether this is because the bone adds flavor itself is unclear. If you believe the results of my Definitive Guide to Prime Rib, then the bone itself transfers very little flavor to the meat.

A more likely explanation for the superiority of bone-in hams is that something in the processing cheats the ham of moisture and flavor. Perhaps it’s the pressing into a football shape, or maybe something in the added water (most boneless hams are designated “ham with natural juices”).

  • Until I get my hands on a ham factory, I won’t know the answer.
  • Suffice it to say, tasters liked bone-in ham best—the presence of a bone had an even greater influence on tasting results than water content.
  • Q: What about those hams that come in cans? Are they really ham? The other type of boneless ham is the one you’ll find packed into a flip-top can.
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These are made by pressing together scraps of cured pork, hence their mottled, perfectly symmetrical appearance. They are best avoided. Bland (and freaky-looking), with a spongy, Spam-like texture and oddly cratered surface, these slices sat cold and lonely on the tasting table all day while the other hams were gobbled up, garnering not much more than the occasional withering look.

  1. Q: Hams have a shank end and a butt end.
  2. Which is better? A full ham can weigh up to 15 pounds or so—far too big for a typical family.
  3. That’s why these days, hams are sold split into two halves, the shank end and the butt end (often labeled the sirloin end).
  4. The major difference between the two is that the shank end tends to contain a higher ratio of fat (which I like) and is significantly easier to carve, having only a single, straight bone to contend with.

An easy-to-carve shank end of ham. The butt end, on the other hand, tends to be leaner, which may be desirable for some people. It’s also got a tricky little number known as the aitchbone to contend with. Any butcher will tell you that the oddly shaped pelvic bone is one of the more difficult to work your knife around.

  1. Unless you are an expert carver or don’t mind getting in there with your fingers, you’ll want to opt for the shank-end cut.
  2. Q: Are there advantages or disadvantages to buying a spiral-cut versus an uncut ham? Spiral-cut hams come presliced.
  3. All you have to do is make one simple lateral cut, and the meat comes peeling off in thin layers.

A whole ham, on the other hand, requires some degree of butchery skill. Whole hams have the advantage of being less prone to drying out when cooking, but to be honest, if you’re careful about the way you cook it, a spiral-sliced ham will be just fine.

I usually opt for spiral-cut hams. Q: How do I cook a city ham? The beautiful thing about city hams is that they come precooked. That means that if you want to, you can slice off pieces cold and eat them in sandwiches. Or you can fry it up one slice at a time for breakfast or to flavor your beans. However, if you plan on serving it whole, it’s nice to do it as a hot centerpiece for the table.

Just like beef, chicken, or any other meat, hams can overcook, which leaves them dry and stringy. Since they’re already cooked through, your only goal is to heat yours to an appropriate serving temperature. I usually aim for around 120°F (49°C). You could just throw it in a 250°F (120°C) oven and hope for the best, but the edges of the spiral slices inevitably dry out.

  • Much better is to wrap it in aluminum foil or place it in an oven bag to help it retain moisture before setting it in the oven cut side down.
  • Use a thermometer to check for doneness.
  • It should take around two and a half hours.
  • Q: What about cooking sous vide? Want to go one step further? Cook the ham in a sous vide water bath,

Hams that come packaged in Cryovacked bags can be cooked directly in their packaging. Don’t have a sous vide cooker ? No problem. Use our beer cooler sous vide hack : Place your ham in an oven bag, squeeze out the air and tie off the end, then place the whole thing in a large cooler set in a place from which you can conveniently reach your sink.

  1. Fill the cooler with hot water from the tap, adding boiling water as necessary to top it off to around 130°F (54°C).
  2. Seal the cooler and let it sit in a warm spot for at least four hours and up to six or eight, depending on the size.
  3. Every so often, check the temperature to make sure it’s hovering around 130°F, adding more boiling water as necessary to keep it hot.

You’ll end up with the moistest ham you’ve ever had. I do not recommend cooking a country ham sous vide, as it will be far too salty. Q: How do I cook a country ham? A glazed country ham. Out in the country, hams are a little more involved. There are countless ways to prepare a country ham, from slicing it into steaks for searing, to chunking it to add flavor to stews, to chopping it for hash—it’s the American equivalent of a prosciutto, and, as such, has just as many culinary uses.

  1. But for the holidays, you want to roast it whole and slice it at the table.
  2. The first step is to remove some of the excess salt.
  3. You do this by soaking the ham in a cooler filled with water at room temperature for at least a day, changing the water every few hours both to encourage rehydration and to flush some of the salt out.

For hams aged longer than a year or so, you might want to increase the soaking to two days. Afterward, dry it carefully. From there, place it on a rack set in a roasting pan with a few cups of liquid in the bottom (Coke, Dr Pepper, pickle juice, or just plain water all work well); cover the whole pan tightly with foil to allow the ham to steam; and set it in a 250°F (120°C) oven.

  • An internal temperature of 140°F (60°C) is what you’re looking for, and it’ll take you around three hours to get there, possibly more if you’ve got an especially large ham.
  • Allow the ham to rest for about 30 minutes, tented in foil, before glazing, carving, and serving.
  • Q: What about glazing that ham? You’ve got your roasted ham, but it’s looking a little anemic from its stay in that low-temperature oven, and you want to fancy it up.

Good on you! A glaze is the easiest way to do this. Essentially a mixture of a sweetener, like sugar or honey, and spices, like cloves and nutmeg, a glaze will give your ham that shiny, lacquered finish. I love Dr Pepper and Cherry Coke, so I usually choose one of those beverages to glaze my ham, mixing it with honey and spices and cooking it down to a syrupy consistency.

  1. Whether it’s a city or a country ham, the glazing method is the same.
  2. Open the oven bag or aluminum foil when the ham is about 15 minutes away from being done.
  3. Score the rind in a crosshatch pattern to help render a bit of extra fat, paint it with some glaze, then crank the oven up to around 400°F (200°C).

It takes about 15 minutes for the glaze to cook into the rind, during which time I paint it with more glaze at least twice or thrice. Q: What about leftovers? If there’s one thing I know about hams, it’s this: There are always leftovers. This is not a bad thing, especially not when you’ve got Monte Cristo Sandwiches, Ham and Cheese Scones, or Ham and Grits With Redeye Gravy to make for brunch the next day, or Ham and Split Pea Soup and Deviled Ham Sandwiches to make for lunch.

How long do you cook a already fully cooked ham?

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  1. Check the label for cooking instructions. It should be labeled either “fully cooked” or “cook before eating.”
  2. Preheat the oven to 350 F.
  3. Place the ham on a rack in a large baking pan and add about 1/4- to 1/2-inch of water to the pan.
  4. If the ham is labeled “fully cooked” (does not require heating), heat it in the oven for about 10 minutes per pound, or to an internal temperature of 140 F.
  5. To heat a spiral-sliced ham, place it on a sheet of heavy-duty foil, cut-side down. Wrap the ham tightly with the foil and bake at 300 F for about 15 minutes per pound, or until a meat thermometer registers 140 F when inserted into the thickest part of the meat, not touching bone.
  6. If the ham is labeled “cook before eating,” heat in an oven set no lower than 325 F to an internal temperature of at least 145 F.
  7. If you have a large enough slow cooker, put the ham in it and add about 1 cup of ginger ale, cola, stock, or water. Heat the ham on LOW for approximately 8 to 10 hours, or until the temperature reaches 140 F for a “fully cooked” ham or 145 F for a “cook before eating” ham.
  8. Leftover cooked ham—as with other leftovers—must be reheated to a temperature of at least 165 F. This temperature also applies to hams that come from places that are not USDA inspected.  

How do you know when a spiral ham is done?

It is important to identify the differences between fully cooked and uncooked ham to prevent foodborne illness. Do you ever wonder if you need to cook a ham or if you can eat it straight out of the cooler without cooking? We buy ham from the deli and we don’t need to cook it, which can be confusing.

  1. The answer, in short, is if it is cured, smoked or baked, ham is considered “pre-cooked,” and would not technically need to be cooked.
  2. This includes the ham that is purchased at the deli.
  3. In fact, most ham that is sold to consumers is already cured, smoked or baked.
  4. As a deli meat, it can be eaten right out of the refrigerator, but other hams are typically reheated for improved flavor and texture.

You can also buy fresh ham, and it would have to be cooked prior to eating. You can identify if the ham has been processed as the package will say what type of ham it is. If a ham has the statement on the package label indicating that it needs cooking (ex.

“cook thoroughly”), it should also display cooking directions. It should clearly state that cooking is required. Even cured ham must be refrigerated at a temp of 40 degrees Farenheit or below. The exception is if the ham is canned or dry-cured, then it would be able to be stored at room temp. Country ham and prosciutto are examples of dry-cured ham.

Most hams are safe to keep three to five days days in the refrigerator, and three to six months in the freezer, but specific times can be found online as there is some variation. The USDA recommendations state, “Set oven temperature to 325°F. Cook all raw fresh ham and ready-to-eat ham to a minimum internal temperature of 145°F as measured with a food thermometer before removing meat from the heat source.

For safety and quality, allow meat to rest for at least three minutes before carving or consuming. For reasons of personal preference, consumers may choose to cook meat to higher temperatures. Reheat cooked hams packaged in USDA-inspected plants to 140°F and all others to 165°F.” Trichinella Spiralis is a parasite found in pork, but its presence is minimal because processing plants must follow USDA guidelines to kill the parasite.

Regardless, Michigan State University Extension recommends that proper food safety practices should be followed when handling ham. For instance storing in a refrigerator at 40°F, not leaving out at room temperature for more than two hours and cooking and reheating according to the directions above.

How do you know when a fully cooked ham is done?

For raw and fresh ham, bake at 325°F until a food thermometer inserted into the meat reads 145°F.

When cooking a spiral ham do you cover it with foil?

How to cook a spiral ham – First, consider putting a ham glaze not only on the outside of your ham but also between the slices, too; this will add tremendous flavor. I usually just throw something together (it almost always involves jam and adobo sauce, I just can’t resist that spicy-sweet combo, even on ham) but I’ve put together a simple ham glaze recipe for you in case you need one.

You don’t really cook a spiral ham, you simply reheat it. When it comes to “cooking” your ham, wrap it lightly with foil while it’s baking. This will keep the juices in and prevent them from evaporating while your ham is in the oven. You can occasionally open the tinfoil and baste the ham with the juices, too, which only helps keep it more moist.

Sometimes cooks will add some water, juice, or even 7-UP to the bottom of the pan to help keep as much moisture in the oven as possible. I’ve found that it’s not necessary, as the tinfoil does a great job of keeping the moisture in. Feel free to add that step if you like though, as it won’t hurt anything to add it. How To Cook A Spiral Ham

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