How To Rack Pool Balls
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


A valid ten-ball rack; the 1 is at the apex on the foot spot, and the 10 (the money ball ) is in the center. The remaining balls can be in any position.
Highest governing body World Pool-Billiard Association
First played 1960s
Contact No
Team members single competitors or doubles
Mixed-sex Yes
Equipment Cue sports equipment
Glossary glossary of cue sports terms
Country or region Worldwide

Ten-ball is a rotation pool game similar to nine-ball, but using ten balls instead of nine, and with the 10 ball instead of the 9 as the ” money ball ” Although the game has existed for since the early 1960s, its popularity has risen since the early 2000s as a result of concerns that nine-ball has suffered as a result of flaws in its fundamental structure, particularly the ease with which players can often make balls from the break.

  • The World Pool-Billiard Association (WPA) standardized rules for ten-ball are very similar to those for nine-ball, but with key changes to increase the difficulty of the game.
  • In contrast to nine-ball, it is slightly harder to pocket any balls on the break shot with the more crowded rack, the initial shooter cannot instantly win the game by pocketing the 10 on the break, all shots must be called, and performing a string of break-and-runs on successive racks is statistically more difficult to achieve.

Ten-ball is preferred over nine-ball by some professionals as a more challenging discipline than nine-ball.

What are the official rules of 8-ball?

Eight Ball is a call shot game played with a cue ball and fifteen object balls, numbered 1 through 15. One player must pocket balls of the group numbered 1 through 7 (solid colors), while the other player has 9 thru 15 (stripes). THE PLAYER POCKETING HIS GROUP FIRST AND THEN LEGALLY POCKETING THE 8-BALL WINS THE GAME.

Does it matter how you rack pool balls?

Racking the Balls for Straight Pool – How To Rack Pool Balls Straight pool is where players agree on a number of points before the start of the game. One point is awarded for each ball sunk in a pocket on the pool table. To set up a game of straight pool, place the triangle rack on the table where the marker is located.

Next, randomly place the balls inside the rack. The order does not matter. However, some players prefer the one ball to be placed on the foot over the marker, with the five ball on the back left corner. After the initial fourteen balls are pocketed, the triangle rack is placed back on the table over the marker.

If the fifteenth ball is outside the rack, it is not re-racked. If it is inside the rack, then it is re-racked with the other fourteen balls. Continue playing and re-racking as needed until the agreed-upon point total is reached.

What is an illegal break in 8-ball?

BREAKING – ‘Breaking safe’ or soft is not allowed. For a break to be legal, at least four balls must be driven to the rails or a ball must be pocketed. Otherwise, the balls are re-racked and re-broken by the same player.

What is the 3 wall rule in pool?

What is the 3 rail rule? – The most popular rule is that you can pocket balls without touching the rail if you hit at least three rails before you hit the object ball. In this way, you can also do something with balls that are close to a pocket and cannot be played as a bank shot.

Do good pool balls make a difference?

Why Should I Get High-Quality Billiard Balls? One billiard ball is just like another one, right? Wrong. The quality of the billiard balls you use has an impact on the quality and accuracy of your game. In fact, most experienced players will tell you it isn’t always a defect in the table that makes a shot go awry. Sometimes it’s the fault of the billiard balls themselves.

Can you scoop the ball in pool?

Scoop shots, which are a kind of jump shot, may sound pretty cool, but they will impress any experienced pool player as they are illegal under the official pool rules and many house rules. While many people argue that a scoop shot is not so different from a normal shot that it should be made illegal, the fact remains that they are.

  • Aside from the perceived damage and the distinct differences between a normal shot and a spoon shot, many consider them a cheap trick.
  • It is a mistake to jump a landmark ball on another ball by deliberately throwing it in the air (scooping).
  • An accidental misunderstanding is not a fault unless the other rules in this section are violated.
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Another pool player mentioned that you can jump into APA as long as you don`t win. I always assumed you couldn`t jump at all. Do it, take it. If you only put one object ball at the break, it is the suit (solid or striped) that you are going to shoot. If you put one or more solids and strips in your pocket, it is an open table.

  1. Combinations of open tables (hitting a solid to insert a strip and vice versa) are legal.
  2. Object balls do not need to be “called”.
  3. The shot counts as long as a legal shot is scored.
  4. Counting slope shots is one of the most common complaints I hear from players, but I can say that there aren`t as many slope shots at higher skill levels as you might think.

There is no pushout on the 1st shot after the break. The player at the table must play at the table as it is. There is no rule of 3 faults that makes sense considering the way the game is evaluated. Jump shots are allowed, but not with jump instructions.

Any shot where your intention is not to put a ball in your pocket should be marked as a defensive shot. This includes picking up the landmark ball and handing it over to your opponent by giving him the ball in his hand. But why are scoop shots in the pool illegal? Scoop shots are illegal (in all billiard leagues) because they can bounce off the ruler, not on top.

A double strike can also occur when the signal hits the ball, felt, and then the ball again (or at the same time). Shoveling is also harmful to felt. However, if you play a casual game according to the “Bar Rules” or “House Rules”, this is often allowed.

  • It is best to clarify with your opponent before the start of the game.
  • While there is no official reason why shovel shooting is illegal, there are some pretty compelling reasons why it should be so.
  • Let`s take a look at what the scoop shot is, what sets it apart from other shots, and an alternative you could learn instead.

The player who legally inserts the ball 8 wins the rack. Ball 8 is not called, but a designated bag must be marked. Place a pocket marker or other small object next to the bag in which you want to shoot the bullet 8. Do NOT use cubic chalk to mark your bag.

Often there are several chalk cubes on the table. There are many myths and misinformation surrounding the leap into absconding. You can jump, but you can`t use a shortened jump hint or break down a jump/break clue to make it shorter. I have a jump/pause marker that I use all the time, I just can`t take the back of it.

You also can`t intentionally pick up the ball to jump. I`ve even heard people say stupid things like “I hate APA because you can`t change the clues during a game” when they really refer to the “Break down your keyword” part of the rules. So instead of lamenting the loss of a scoop shot, start practicing your legal jump shots, and then you`ll really impress people! If you play English billiards, even these jump shots are not allowed.

The following video shows and explains what happens to the different types of illegal jumpshots: 18. EQUIPMENT REGULATIONSThe devices, mechanical markers and training/practice aids cannot be used in tournaments. Some special advice may be allowed on a limited basis. Additional options such as bridges and marker extensions are legal.

Players must use equipment that matches their goal. In addition, players must use the rack, marker ball and object balls provided at each table. Additional equipment guidelines that apply during tournament play are listed below: Here`s a great video on how to jump a ball, legally.

  1. Take scoops in a billiard room or bar quite often and probably deserve the unwillingness of the owner who is not looking forward to replacing the pool.
  2. The WPA doesn`t explicitly state why the scoop shot is illegal, but it can be assumed that part of the reason is that it can cause damage to the pool table in the middle of the game, which could seriously affect the gameplay.

APA 9 Ball is different from Texas Express Rules 9 Ball. APA 9 Ball is really a hybrid of 9 balls and straight billiards. Balls 1-8 count as 1 point and 9 balls count as 2 points. If ball 9 is plugged in at the break, it counts as 2 points and all other inserted balls are counted as long as the break shot is legal (1 ball must be hit first).

All other object balls are counted as dead balls, and then a new rack is played. Every bullet illegally put in your pocket is counted as a dead ball and stays at the bottom. The only exception is the 9-ball, which is spotted when illegally put in the pocket. The player who reaches his specified point level (determined by skill) wins the game first.

A 2nd ball break is legal. Inserting the ball from 8 to the break is a win unless you scrape or fly the landmark ball off the table, making it a loss. To really understand why shovel shooting is illegal, you need to know what shovel shooting is. When a player uses the scoop shot, he hits the ball exactly where he hits the table.

  • In fact, they hit the table at the same time they hit the ball, or even just before.
  • The landmark tip hits under the ball and causes the ball to appear.
  • There are three ways that scoop shots differ from normal shots.
  • Jump shots are not illegal in the American pool, but to be legal, you must approach the shot from a high angle and hit the ball in the felt, making it reappear and jump over the ball you are trying to jump.
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Many players use a jump marker like the Cynergy Propel Jump Cue to make this easier. and according to WPA Rule 6.16c, a misunderstanding is a fault if it is intentional (for example, if it is used to intentionally jump the CB over an obstacle). See: In APA Masters, you are allowed to use a jump coordinate system and/or break down a coordinate system to create a jump coordinate system.

  • Breaking Clues/Trees/Tips: Sometimes combined with jump cues to form a jump break marker, these clues/trees/spikes are allowed to break in the tournament game.
  • Regular Shooting Cues/Trees/Tips: These markers/trees/tips can be used to perform jump shots, mass shots, and break shots in all league and APA tournament matches.

You cannot “break down” your usual shooting instructions to perform a jump shot. Yes. Here is the relevant quote from WPA Rule 8.18: A sportsmanship award will be presented at the end of this tournament. You may nominate players for this award by submitting a completed Sportsmanship Award nomination form to the control table.

What makes a good pool player?

The main things top players have in common : They:

have developed a wealth of experience and intuition through countless hours of smart practice and successful play at the table. have good visual acuity (good eyes or corrected vision) and visual perception (i.e., they can clearly and consistently “see” the “angle of the shot” and the required line of aim). have good eye-hand coordination and they can consistently and accurately align and deliver the cue along the desired line with the tip contact point and speed needed for the shot (even if their mechanics aren’t always “textbook”). have excellent understanding of and “feel” for shot speed, spin, and position play. have tremendous focus and intensity when they are playing. have been around, watched, played, and learned from many top players. have very strong desire, dedication, and drive to improve and win. are very competitive, hate to lose, and love to win. really enjoy and feel motivated to play the game. are fearless but they are also aware of their limitations. choose shots that give them the best chances to win a game (i.e., they have good strategy), and they learn from their mistakes and bad choices. are willing to travel and play often in many tournament (and/or gambling) matches against players who will challenge them to their limits and beyond. have played on a wide range of equipment under a wide range of conditions to develop a good feel for how to quickly and effectively adjust to different playing conditions.

The biggest thing they have in common is: they have dedicated much of their life to practicing and playing pool, That’s how they have developed many of the things on the list above. A little “natural talent” or “natural ability” in many of these areas can help also.

  1. For many of the attributes above, it also helps to be young,
  2. As we age, we tend to lose many of these things.
  3. Pool is not just a game, it is a sport ; so to really excel, you must also be an “athlete.” Concerning “nature” (genetics and natural talent) vs.
  4. Nurture” (hard work and dedication), see the books: “The Sports Gene” by David Epstein and “Peak Secrets from the New Science of Expertise” by Anders Ericsson and Robert Pool, and the Scientific American article: Can genes predict athletic performance?,

Both nature and nurture are extremely important to reach excellence in anything. For certain sports (e.g., anything involving jumping or speed like some track and field events), “natural talent” (nature) can be much more important than nurture and effort.

If you don’t have the right muscle physiology (enough fast-twitch fibers), no amount of hard work and dedication can transform you into a world-class athlete in those sports. Also, someone with good eye-hand coordination (e.g., from genetics and/or previous experience with other activities and sports) will have an advantage in many sports over someone who is not very coordinated.

People who have poor eye-hand coordination (part nurture, part nature), and don’t have good fine-control motor skills (part nurture, part nature), and have difficulty mentally focusing and concentrating (part nurture, part nature), and don’t have excellent vision and visual perception (mostly nature) would be at an extreme disadvantage concerning becoming a top pool player.

  • For them, you could easily say that nature is more important than nurture.
  • However, for the majority of people, training, hard work, desire, dedication, and focus can lead to excellence in pool.
  • However, not all people will have the ability, desire, or time to do what it takes to reach excellence.
  • And some might improve faster than others, even with a similar level of effort.
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The most important attributes for success in pool are dedicated and purposeful practice combined with desire and motivation, Regardless, to play at a top level, one must have all of the following skills and traits:

accurate and consistent aim and alignment excellent speed control excellent position play strategy and execution excellent safety play strategy and execution accurate and consistent aim compensation when using sidespin strong mental game willingness and dedication to improve one’s game

Bottom line: Some people can never excel at pool, but many could if they had the desire, drive, focus, and intensity and if they worked hard at it for a long time. And playing at a top level most certainly requires BOTH some “natural ability” AND hard work.

  1. From FeelDaShot (in AZB post ): Fundamentals are super important but there is so much more to the game.
  2. Are a few additional qualities that separate the great from the outstanding: Shot Selection : Once you get to a certain level, anyone can and should run out the table.
  3. The trick is to choose the path that will give you the absolute best chance of getting out.

Even if it’s only a 1% difference it’s important to diligently weigh all options and choose the correct shot. Getting slightly too flat on a shot can turn a simple run out into a tricky situation where you have force shape which lowers the odds of success.

  1. Endurance : Lots of players can play a good set or two but it’s rare for a player to maintain that same stamina at 2am when they’ve played five consecutive nail-biter sets and haven’t eaten much while fighting back through the loser’s bracket.
  2. This also applies to the opposite situation where you win a match and then have a four hour break until your next match without an opportunity to hit any balls and stay in stroke.

Adjustment : With all things being equal, the player who adjusts to the conditions the fastest has a huge advantage. The conditions are always changing. Cloth speed, cloth cleanliness, cloth age, ball type, ball cleanliness, lighting, and so on. From watching pros, I’ve noticed that they will often use one extra rail than necessary when playing position.

Using the extra rail provides them with extra information about how the table plays which allows them to adapt faster. Mental Perseverance : No matter what the score is, how well you’ve played so far, or how bad you’re winning or losing, you need to always have the correct mindset and give 100% effort on every shot.

Outcome Acceptance : Bad rolls are inevitable. Misses are inevitable. You won’t always play your best. You won’t always win. The quicker a player accepts and moves on from negative thoughts the better they will perform. Confidence : Confidence is a paradox in a way because you need to play great to develop confidence yet you can’t play great without confidence.

One cannot exist without the other. With two closely skilled players, I’m betting on the more confident one. Pace : Every player has an optimum pace/tempo/rhythm that is unique to them and allows them to perform at their best. It’s important to know your optimum tempo and find it quickly in a match. The quicker you get there the better you’ll do.

Capitalization : At the top level you don’t get many opportunities to pull ahead. Once an opportunity arises, you must capitalize on it. That’s one of SVB’s major strengths. He always amazes me with his ability to break and run the final rack in a hill-hill match.

Can you put the cue ball anywhere after a scratch?

A scratch, foul, or illegal shot results in ball-in-hand, where your opponent can place the cue ball anywhere on the table in preparation for the next shot. The only exception to this is the break (see the 8-ball and 9-ball differences that follow).

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