What Country Produces The Most Strawberries
List of Countries by Strawberry Production –

Worldwide 9,125,913 tonnes of strawberry is produced per year. China is the largest strawberry producer in the world with 3,801,865 tonnes production volume per year. United States of America comes second with 1,420,570 tonnes yearly production. China and United States of America produce together 57% of World’s total. Australia is with 48,401 is ranked at 21.

List of Countries by Strawberry Production

Country Production (Tons) Production per Person (Kg) Acreage (Hectare) Yield (Kg / Hectare)
China 3,801,865 2.728 141,498 26,868.8
United States of America 1,420,570 4.334 21,242 66,875.5
Mexico 468,248 3.754 11,091 42,219
Egypt 464,958 4.769 9,985 46,565.6
Turkey 415,150 5.137 15,431 26,903.6
Spain 366,161 7.848 7,685 47,647.5
Russian Federation 197,523 1.345 29,520 6,691.3
Poland 196,972 5.125 50,600 3,892.7
South Korea 196,122 3.798 6,346 30,906
Japan 159,000 1.257 5,402 29,432.3
Germany 143,221 1.731 14,299 10,016.2
Morocco 136,856 3.936 3,179 43,050
Italy 131,436 2.175 4,881 26,926.3
United Kingdom 118,179 1.79 4,811 24,564.3
Belarus 87,436 9.225 9,367 9,334.5
Ukraine 61,930 1.465 8,000 7,741.3
France 58,737 0.873 3,391 17,321.4
Colombia 58,555 1.173 1,602 36,542.6
The Netherlands 57,500 3.333 1,724 33,352.7
Iran 55,946 0.684 3,976 14,071.1
Australia 48,401 1.932 2,424 19,970.3
Belgium 45,000 3.942 1,900 23,684.2
Greece 34,329 3.188 994 34,534.5
Venezuela 27,579 0.866 1,344 20,520.1
Chile 25,714 1.463 963 26,709.4
Peru 25,690 0.822 1,280 20,070.1
Israel 24,025 2.697 552 43,488.2
Romania 23,000 1.178 2,724 8,443.5
Serbia 22,938 3.276 5,806 3,950.7
Canada 21,858 0.587 2,868 7,622.6
Sweden 15,280 1.502 2,010 7,602
Guatemala 14,760 0.853 699 21,118.9
Argentina 13,066 0.294 1,060 12,328.5
Finland 12,000 2.175 3,585 3,347.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10,222 2.701 1,332 7,674.2
Austria 9,807 1.11 1,138 8,618.9
Tunisia 9,759 0.853 366 26,649.4
Switzerland 8,825 1.039 480 18,388.1
Norway 8,710 1.64 1,532 5,685.4
Portugal 8,495 0.825 258 32,925.6
Taiwan 8,001 0.339 474 16,882.1
Denmark 7,870 1.359 1,170 6,726.5
Moldova 7,723 2.175 1,504 5,135
South Africa 7,529 0.13 670 11,230.6
Uzbekistan 6,486 0.199 991 6,545.4
Kazakhstan 6,427 0.352 846 7,596.9
Ireland 6,400 1.318 189 33,862.4
Bulgaria 5,150 0.73 670 7,686.6
Jordan 5,056 0.494 213 23,737.1
Hungary 4,855 0.497 715 6,789.5
Macedonia 4,466 2.152 819 5,453
Costa Rica 4,300 0.859 151 28,476.8
Lithuania 3,620 1.293 1,048 3,454.2
New Zealand 3,509 0.716 206 17,053.8
Czech Republic 3,418 0.322 710 4,814.1
Croatia 3,383 0.807 367 9,218
Brazil 3,343 0.016 398 8,396.7
Paraguay 3,329 0.472 350 9,511.4
Bolivia 3,184 0.282 516 6,170.5
Palestinian Territories 3,096 0.68 113 27,508.7
Cyprus 2,814 3.292 87 32,344.8
Georgia 2,600 0.697 391 6,646.6
Kyrgyzstan 2,130 0.338 441 4,835.1
Slovenia 1,845 0.893 111 16,621.6
Ecuador 1,763 0.103 108 16,279.4
Lebanon 1,658 0.272 232 7,152.8
Estonia 1,297 0.983 565 2,295.6
Latvia 1,130 0.587 450 2,511.1
Kenya 830 0.016 67 12,411
Malta 804 1.69 43 18,749.9
Slovakia 804 0.148 169 4,757.4
Philippines 762 0.007 120 6,326.2
Kuwait 259 0.061 7 39,803.2
Zimbabwe 230 0.015 52 4,458.9
Luxembourg 19 0.032 2 9,500
Algeria 0 0 N/A N/A

Which country in Europe produces the most strawberries?

Europe: growing strawberry production area quite stable The production of strawberries in Europe has risen by 28% over the last ten years. The EU produced a volume of 1.2 million tonnes of strawberries in 2016. Of this, almost a quarter comes from Spain, Poland has a share of 17%, Germany 14%, Italy 11% and the UK 9%.

Together these countries are worth three quarters of the European production. During the International Strawberry Congress, Philippe Binard of Freshfel, gave various interesting figures on strawberries. The area in Europe hasn’t risen that considerably in those years, yet the production has increased.

What is striking is that the area in Poland is the largest of the European producers.76% of the production from this country is for the fresh market and the rest is for the processed sector. The trade within Europe Within Europe a lot of strawberries are moved from one member state to another.

In 2016 this was a volume of 450,000 tonnes with a value of almost 1 billion Euro. The main ‘recipient’ was Germany, which received more than 113,000 tonnes. The biggest suppliers within Europe are Spain, the Netherlands and Belgium. Spain produces 80% of the production in three months, March, April and May.

Export of strawberries outside of Europe A lot of strawberries are also exported outside of Europe. In 2016 this was 55,000 tonnes. The top 5 destinations are Belarus, Switzerland, Norway, Serbia and the UAE. Europe also imports strawberries that come from outside of the EU.

  • These mainly come from Morocco, Egypt and the US.
  • Prices What is striking is that the export prices are the highest.
  • When it comes to the strawberry trade within the EU, the average price in 2016 was a sum of 2.30 per kilo.
  • Prices for imported strawberries are 3.09 on average and export are 2.41 per kilo.

European Consumption The consumption differs by country. In the EU we ate an average of 1.64 kilo per capita in 2016. The Netherlands is far below the average at 0.7 kilo. Belgium is at 2.15 kilo per person per year. Austria is very high and on average people there consumer 3.09 kilo per year.

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: Europe: growing strawberry production area quite stable

What countries are strawberries from?

Where Do Strawberries Come From? – Strawberries are native to North America, and Indigenous peoples used them in many dishes. The first colonists in America shipped the native larger strawberry plants back to Europe as early as 1600. Another variety, also was discovered in Central and South America, is what the conquistadors called “futilla.” Early Americans did not bother cultivating strawberries because they were abundant in the wilds.

  1. Although they have been around for thousands of years, strawberries were not actively cultivated until the Renaissance period in Europe.
  2. The plants can last for five to six with careful cultivation, but most farmers use them as an annual crop, replanting yearly.
  3. Strawberries are social plants, requiring both a male and a female to produce fruit.

Crops take eight to 14 months to mature.

Who grows the best strawberries in the world?

China is the largest strawberry producer in the world with 3,221,557 tonnes production per year. United States of America comes second with 1,021,490 tonnes yearly production.

Why are Japanese strawberries so good?

The Secret Behind Japan’s Delicious Strawberries: Kerosene What Country Produces The Most Strawberries A wintertime strawberry in Tokyo, swaddled in protective padding. Credit. Noriko Hayashi for The New York Times The growing season has become completely reversed thanks to kerosene-burning greenhouses and the big prices paid for the earliest, best berries. A wintertime strawberry in Tokyo, swaddled in protective padding. Credit. Noriko Hayashi for The New York Times

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Published March 18, 2023 Updated March 27, 2023

MINOH, Japan — Strawberry shortcake. Strawberry mochi. Strawberries à la mode. These may sound like summertime delights. But in Japan, the strawberry crop peaks in wintertime — a chilly season of picture-perfect berries, the most immaculate ones selling for hundreds of dollars apiece to be given as special gifts.

Japan’s strawberries come with an environmental toll. To recreate an artificial spring in the winter months, farmers grow their out-of-season delicacies in huge greenhouses heated with giant, gas-guzzling heaters. “We’ve come to a point where many people think it’s natural to have strawberries in winter,” said Satoko Yoshimura, a strawberry farmer in Minoh, Japan, just outside Osaka, who until last season burned kerosene to heat her greenhouse all winter long, when temperatures can dip well below freezing.

But as she kept filling up her heater’s tank with fuel, she said, she started to think: “What are we doing?” Fruits and veggies are grown in greenhouses all over the world, of course. The Japan strawberry industry has carried it to such an extreme, however, that most farmers have stopped growing strawberries during the far less lucrative warmer months, the actual growing season.

  1. Instead, in summertime Japan imports much of its strawberry supply.
  2. It’s an example of how modern expectations of fresh produce year round can require surprising amounts of energy, contributing to a warming climate in return for having strawberries (or tomatoes or cucumbers) even when temperatures are plunging.

Up until several decades ago, Japan’s strawberry season started in the spring and ran into early summer. But the Japanese market has traditionally placed a high value on first-of-the-season or “hatsumono” produce, from to and, A crop claiming the hatsumono mantle can bring many times normal prices, and even snags fevered media coverage. What Country Produces The Most Strawberries Satoko Yoshimura harvesting her strawberries. She has developed techniques to limit the need for kerosene heating. Credit. Noriko Hayashi for The New York Times The scene outside a Tokyo fruit shop recently. Credit. Noriko Hayashi for The New York Times As the country’s consumer economy took off, the hatsumono race spilled over into strawberries.

  1. Farms started to compete to bring their strawberries to market earlier and earlier in the year.
  2. Peak strawberry season went from April to March to February to January, and finally hit Christmas,” said Daisuke Miyazaki, chief executive at Ichigo Tech, a Tokyo-based strawberry consulting firm.
  3. Now, strawberries are a major Christmas staple in Japan, adorning Christmas cakes sold across the country all December.

Some farmers have started to ship first-of-the-season strawberries in November, Mr. Miyazaki said. (Recently, one picture perfect Japanese-branded strawberry, Oishii (which means “delicious”), has become TikTok-famous, but it is grown by a U.S. company in New Jersey.) Japan’s swing toward cultivating strawberries in freezing weather has made strawberry farming significantly more energy intensive.

  • According to associated with various produce in Japan, the emissions footprint of strawberries is roughly eight times that of grapes, and more than 10 times that of mandarin oranges.
  • It all comes down to heating,” said Naoki Yoshikawa, a researcher in environmental sciences at the University of Shiga Prefecture in western Japan, who led the produce emissions study.

“And we looked at all aspects, including transport, or what it takes to produce fertilizer — even then, heating had the biggest footprint.” Examples like these complicate the idea of eating local, namely the idea embraced by some environmentally conscious shoppers of buying food that was produced relatively close by, in part to cut down on the fuel and pollution associated with shipping.

  1. Transportation of food often has less of a climate impact than the way in which it is produced, said Shelie Miller, a professor at the University of Michigan who focuses on climate, food and sustainability.
  2. One study found, for example, that tomatoes grown locally in heated greenhouses in Britain had a compared to tomatoes grown in Spain (outdoors, and in-season), and shipped to British supermarkets.

With or without chocolate. Credit. Noriko Hayashi for The New York Times Strawberries on a stick. Credit. Noriko Hayashi for The New York Times Climate-controlled greenhouses can have benefits: They can require less land and less pesticide use, and they can produce higher yields.

But the bottom line, Professor Miller said, is that “it’s ideal if you can eat both in-season, and locally, so your food is produced without having to add major energy expenditures.” In Japan, the energy required to grow strawberries in winter hasn’t proven to be just a climate burden. It has also made strawberry cultivation expensive, particularly as fuel costs have risen, hurting farmers’ bottom lines.

Research and development of berry varieties, as well as elaborate branding, has helped alleviate some of those pressures by helping farmers fetch higher prices. Strawberry varieties in Japan are sold with whimsical names like Beni Hoppe (“red cheeks”), Koinoka (“scent of love”), Bijin Hime (“beautiful princess”).

  1. Along with other pricey fruit like watermelons, they are often given as gifts.
  2. Tochigi, a prefecture north of Tokyo that produces more strawberries than any other in Japan, has been working to tackle both climate and cost challenges with a new variety of strawberry it is calling Tochiaika, a shortened version of the phrase, “Tochigi’s beloved fruit.” Seven years in the making by agricultural researchers at Tochigi’s Strawberry Research Institute, the new variety is larger, more resistant to disease, and produces a higher yield from the same inputs, making growing them more energy efficient.

Tochiaika strawberries also have firmer skin, cutting down on the number of strawberries that get damaged during transit, thereby, which also has climate consequences. In the United States, where strawberries are grown mostly in warmer climates in California and Florida, strawberry buyers discard an estimated one-third of the crop, partly because of how fragile they are.

  1. And instead of heaters, some farmers in Tochigi use something called a “water curtain,” a trickle of water that envelopes the outside of greenhouses, keeping temperatures inside constant, though that requires access to ample groundwater.
  2. Farmers can save on fuel costs, and help fight global warming,” said Takayuki Matsumoto, a member of the team that helped develop the Tochiaika strawberry.

“That’s the ideal.” Takayuki Matsumoto at the strawberry research institute, where he works. Credit. Noriko Hayashi for The New York Times Tochiaika strawberries at the research institute. Credit. Noriko Hayashi for The New York Times There are other efforts afoot.

  • Researchers in the northeastern city of Sendai have been exploring ways to harness solar power to keep the temperature inside strawberry greenhouses warm. Ms.
  • Yoshimura, the strawberry farmer in Minoh, worked in farming a decade before deciding she wanted to do away with her giant industrial heater in the winter of 2021.

A young mother of one, with another on the way, she had spent much of the lockdown days of the pandemic reading up on climate change. A series of devastating floods in 2018 that wrecked the tomato patch at the farm she runs with her husband also awakened her to the dangers of a warming planet.

  • I realized I needed to change the way I farmed, for the sake of my kids,” she said.
  • But in mountainous Minoh, temperatures can dip to below 20 degrees Fahrenheit, or about minus 7 Celsius, levels at which strawberry plants would normally go dormant.
  • So she delved into agricultural studies to try to find another way to ship her strawberries out during the lucrative winter months, while not using fossil fuel heating.

She read that strawberries sense temperatures via a part of the plant known as the crown, or the short thickened stem at the plant’s base. If she could use groundwater, which generally stays at a constant temperature, to protect the crown from freezing temperatures, she wouldn’t have to rely on industrial heating, she surmised.

Ms. Yoshimura fitted her strawberry beds with a simple irrigation system. For extra insulation at night, she covered her strawberries with plastic. She stresses that her cultivation methods are a work in progress. But after her berries survived a cold snap in December, she took her industrial heater, which had remained on standby at one corner of her greenhouse, and sold it.

Now, she’s working to gain local recognition for her “unheated” strawberries. “It would be nice,” she said, “if we could just make strawberries when it’s natural to.” Hiroko Tabuchi is an investigative reporter on the Climate desk, reporting widely on money, influence and misinformation in climate policy.

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: The Secret Behind Japan’s Delicious Strawberries: Kerosene

What is the number 1 consumed fruit?

The banana (Musa sapientum) together with its relative, the plantain (Musa paradisiaca) is the most consumed fruit in the world.

What is the world’s most exported fruit?

Bananas are among the most produced, traded and consumed fruits globally. More than 1 000 varieties of bananas exist in the world, which provide vital nutrients to populations in producing and importing countries alike.

Which fruit is most exported globally?

Drivers –

Top fresh fruit export commodities included apples, grapes, oranges, strawberries, and cherries, which accounted for a combined $3.1 billion, with top markets including Canada, Mexico, South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. Top fresh vegetable export commodities included lettuce, potatoes, sweet potatoes, onions/shallots, and cauliflower, which accounted for a combined $1.1 billion, with top markets including Canada, Mexico, and the EU. India imposed a 20 percent retaliatory tariff on U.S. apples in June 2019, bringing the total tariff rate to 70 percent. This tariff remains in place.

Who are the largest fruit producers?

Production by country

Rank Country/Region Fruit production (tonnes)
1 People’s Republic of China 242,793,824
2 India 105,971,127
3 Brazil 39,758,842
4 Turkey 24,153,128

Who is the 1 largest producer of fruits and vegetables?

China – China tops the list by being the world’s largest fruit and vegetable producer. It produced around 45 million metric tons of apples in the year 2020 and the production volume of grapes was 14.3 million metric tons. China is without a doubt one of the most cultivated centers of plants in the world.

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