Strawberry Cultivar Origins – There are a number of different strawberries; today’s commercial and garden strawberries are typically hybrids between one or more of the original species, which include:
Fragaria bucharica – China Fragaria choloensis – Pacific coast of South America Fragaria moschata – central Europe, Scandinavia and Russia Fragaria nipponica – Japan Fragaria nubicola – Himalayas Fragaria orientalis – eastern Asia and Siberia Fragaria virginiana – North America.
Are strawberries living or nonliving?
Once students establish that strawberries are a living things (strawberry plants are living) and need food, water, air, sunlight and space to grow, hold up the strawberry plant and discuss the parts of the plant.
What is an interesting fact about strawberries?
Strawberry Fun Facts Strawberries are the only fruit with seeds on the outside. A berry has its seeds on the inside. Since the seeds are on the outside, strawberries aren’t true berries, like blueberries or grapes. Each seed is considered by botanists to be its own separate fruit.
- The average strawberry has 200 seeds.
- Most strawberry plants reproduce from runners despite the fact that seeds can grow into plants.
- The strawberry plant is a perennial.
- Plant one and it will come back year after year.
- Strawberries may be white, blue/purple, yellow/golden as well as red/pink.
- Strawberry plants may not bear fruit immediately, but once it does, it remains productive for about 5 years.
Strawberries are the first fruit to ripen in the spring. Strawberries are a member of the rose family. There are 3 different types of strawberries: June-bearing, ever bearing and day neutral. The most popular is June-bearing. There are 103 species of strawberries.
- Strawberries can be yellow, blue, purple, white, black, and of course, red.
- The garden strawberry is a widely grown hybrid species of the genus Fragaria, collectively known as the strawberries.
- It is cultivated worldwide for its fruit.
- Growing Strawberries in hanging containers is gaining in popularity.
Strawberries, as part of a 5 a day fruit & vegetable program, can help reduce the risk of cancer & heart attacks. Strawberries are low fat, low calorie; high in vitamin C, fiber, folic acid, potassium. Strawberries contain more vitamin C than oranges. Strawberries contain no cholesterol.
Strawberries at room temperature are sweeter than cold strawberries. Do not wash strawberries until ready to eat them as it speeds up spoiling. Eating strawberries, which are rich in nitrate, can increase the flow of blood & oxygen to the muscles by 7%. This prevents muscle fatigue, making exercise easier.
Strawberries help the brain & muscles work better. They are good for your bones & hormones. They can prevent memory loss. In a test, subjects who ate nitrate rich foods like strawberries, before exercising burned 100 more calories than those who did not.
Over 53 percent of seven to nine-year-olds picked strawberries as their favorite fruit. Ninety-four percent of US households consume strawberries. Americans eat 3.4 pounds of fresh strawberries each year plus another 1.8 pounds frozen per capita. California produces 80% of the strawberries in the US. Europeans discovered the Virginia wild strawberry in 1588.
Commercial strawberry production began in 1800. Only selections of the native Fragaria virginiana were raised till 1840. There is a museum in Belgium just for strawberries. Strawberries were found in Rome in 234 BC The ancient Romans believed that strawberries alleviated symptoms of melancholy, fainting, all inflammations, fevers, throat infections, kidney stones, bad breath, attacks of gout, and diseases of the blood, liver and spleen.
- To symbolize perfection and righteousness, medieval stone masons carved strawberry designs on altars and around the tops of pillars in churches and cathedrals.
- In parts of Bavaria, country folk still practice the annual rite each spring of tying small baskets of wild strawberries to the horns of their cattle as an offering to elves.
They believe that the elves, are passionately fond of strawberries, will help to produce healthy calves and an abundance of milk in return. Madame Tallien, a prominent figure at the court of the Emperor Napoleon, was famous for bathing in the juice of fresh strawberries.
She used 22 pounds per basin. Needless to say, she did not bathe daily. In medieval times, strawberries were served at important functions to bring peace & prosperity. Folk lore states that if you split a double strawberry in half and share it with the opposite sex, you’ll soon fall in love. In France, Strawberries were thought to be an aphrodisiac.
A soup made of strawberries, thinned sour cream, borage, & powered sugar was served to newlyweds. The fear of strawberries is call fragariaphobia.
What is Strawberry tongue a symptom of?
Vitamin deficiency – Low levels of vitamin B-12 and folate can cause a strawberry tongue, but this deficiency will likely be diagnosed if you experience its more common symptoms. These symptoms include:
weaknessfatiguememory difficultiesbalance problems
Glossitis, a swollen tongue that is smooth, is very similar to strawberry tongue. It can also be a symptom of this deficiency. Learn more about folate deficiency » A strawberry tongue is a symptom of a condition, and some of these conditions can be serious.
- A vitamin B-12 deficiency isn’t a life-threatening condition, but TSS can become so very quickly if it’s not diagnosed and treated.
- A red, swollen, and bumpy tongue can also be a sign of scarlet fever.
- The high fever that scarlet fever can cause may be dangerous, especially to young children.
- A food or medication allergy can be serious if you begin having a hard time breathing.
Anaphylaxis can cause:
swelling in the faceincreased heart ratechest paindifficulty breathing
If it’s not treated, an anaphylactic response can be deadly. If you develop a strawberry tongue, it’s a good idea to make an appointment with your doctor. Diagnosing the underlying cause is the only way to treat the swollen tongue. Seek emergency medical attention if other symptoms you’re experiencing indicate a serious problem.
A strawberry tongue can be painful and irritating. You may bite your tongue because it’s larger than normal. You may also have a harder time chewing and swallowing food and drink until the swelling ends. The conditions that can cause a strawberry tongue can result in serious complications, however. Kawasaki disease, which causes inflammation of arteries in your body, can lead to long-term artery inflammation.
Scarlet fever may lead to rheumatic fever, This disease can cause inflammation in your heart, brain, joints, and skin. In some cases, it can also lead to kidney disease and severe ear infections, If not treated quickly, TSS can result in organ damage, shock, and possibly death.
One of the easiest ways to figure out what’s causing strawberry tongue is to see what other symptoms you’re experiencing. The first thing your doctor might do is ask for a recent medical history. Explain when you developed changes to your tongue. Tell your doctor about any other symptoms you’re experiencing and when they started.
This list of symptoms may be all that’s necessary for a diagnosis, but some tests may help your doctor confirm a diagnosis. For example, if they suspect a vitamin deficiency, your doctor my request a blood test to check vitamin levels in your blood. Treating strawberry tongue requires treatment for the underlying cause of the symptom.
Are strawberries native to China?
Abstract Of about 24 recognized wild Fragaria L. taxa throughout the world, 13 are native to China. Up to now, 285 wild strawberry accessions of 24 species have been collected from all over the world and conserved in Shenyang Agricultural University. Of 285 accessions, 220 were collected from China.
The taxonomy of 180 accessions native to China has been determined. Specimens were identified as members of 13 species, including eight diploids: F. nilgerrensis Schlect., F. vesca L., F. mandschurica Staudt, F. daltoniana J. Gay, F. nubicola Lindl., F. chinensis Lozinsk., F. pentaphylla Lozinsk. and F. viridis Duch., and five tetraploids: F.
orientalis Lozinsk, F. moupinensis (French.) Card., F. gracilis A. Los., F. corymbosa Lozinsk and F. tibetica Staudt et Dickoré. The distribution of F. tibetica and F. chinensis was clarified in southwestern and western China. The chromosome numbers, main taxonomical characteristics, such as branching of stolons, type of leaflets, sex of flowers, shapes of fruit, seed and calyx, and geographical distribution in China were described for each species.