Hawthorn trees (Crataegus) are tiny fruit-bearing deciduous trees with thorny branches, dark green foliage, and clusters of little white aromatic flowers. They are native to Europe and North America. The fruit of hawthorn trees are little red pome fruits that appear like clusters of miniature crabapples when they are in full bloom.

Colors include: white flowers, green foliage, red fruit, silver-gray bark, and purple-red autumn leaves in the fall. This southeastern United States native has a large spreading crown and is a popular landscaping and street tree. Aromatic flowers bloom in abundance in mid-spring, followed by huge fruits that last far into the winter months.

How fast do Washington hawthorn trees grow?

At maturity, the Washington hawthorn grows to a height of 25–30 feet and a spread of around 25 feet. This tree grows at a moderate rate, with annual height increases ranging from 13 to 24 feet.

What does Hawthorn look like?

  1. Hawthorns are deciduous shrubs with simple leaves that are frequently serrated or lobed in the upper part of the leaf.
  2. White or pink flowers appear in clusters, and are followed by little applelike pomes that range in color from red to orange to blue or black, and are borne in clusters.
  3. The fruits have a variety of flavors and textures, but they are edible and are occasionally used in herbal medicine.
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Is a hawthorn a tree or bush?

Despite its low maintenance requirements, hawthorn may be found growing practically everywhere, including rock fissures and other inaccessible locations. In hedges, it is by far the most common tree or shrub to be found. Hawthorn is home to around 200 species of plant-eating insects.

Are hawthorn trees spiky?

Bark and thorns are two of the most common plant materials. The twigs are dark, with leaf buds forming along the sharp spines of the branches. When recognizing this tree, be caution because its prickly thorns can produce a terrible response if you are injured by one of them. The lighter bark of the hawthorn is creamy brown in color and coarser in texture, with knots and cracks.

What does hawthorn look like in winter?

What to watch for throughout the cold months. Hawthorn twigs are generally glossy, with thorns up to 2cm in length, and they grow in clusters. The buds are hairless, and the leaf scar below the bud has the appearance of a smiling face.

How tall is a hawthorn tree?

The majority of hawthorn trees grow to be 15 to 30 feet (4.5-9 meters) tall, making them the ideal size for urban gardening. It is difficult to grow hawthorn plants because they are prone to a variety of diseases, including apple scab, fire blight, leaf spots and blights, and numerous forms of rust.

What is a hawthorn tree good for?

During their natural life cycle, hawthorn trees provide a vital source of nutrition for a variety of species. Birds, squirrels, rabbits, raccoons, and deer all benefit from the abundance of fruit and seeds on the tree. Although prickly twigs and leaves are not a primary source of nutrition for deer, they become more appealing when other sources of nutrition are low.

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What does the hawthorn tree symbolize?

The Hawthorn tree is a magically enchanted tree that is intimately linked with Beltane, an ancient festival that celebrates the arrival of spring. It is considered to be one of the most holy trees in Celtic mythology, and it represents love and protection.

Are hawthorn trees invasive?

This kind of hawthorn, commonly known as the English hawthorn, is considered to be invasive in the United States. It does not infiltrate other plants by spreading roots, but rather by germinating after birds have digested the tasty berries that it produces.

Is hawthorn evergreen or deciduous?

Hawthorn hedge plants (Crataegus monogyna), commonly known as Quickthorn, are a deciduous native hedge with thorny branches and lobed leaves that are a mid-green color and have a prickly appearance. A multitude of creamy white, perfumed blooms appear in the spring, followed by bright, crimson haws in the fall months.

Does hawthorn blossom turn pink?

It is named after the month in which it blooms and serves as an indication that spring is transitioning into summer. Often one of the first plants to emerge in the spring, the pale green leaves of this hedgerow mainstay are followed by a flurry of delicate pale-pink blossoms in May.

Are hawthorn thorns poisonous?

The thorns of the hawthorne tree are not toxic. Their coloration, however, has been described as aposematic (initially coloured as a warning to herbivores and humans). More recently, researchers (Halpern, Raats, and Lav-Yade, 2007) discovered that the thorns themselves contain an array of pathogenic bacteria, providing yet another defense mechanism.

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